Next Article in Journal
Regional Differences in Mitochondrial Capacity in the Finger Flexors of Piano Players
Previous Article in Journal
Comparison between Surgical and Conservative Treatment for Distal Radius Fractures in Patients over 65 Years
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessCase Report

Influence of a Specific Aquatic Program on Social and Gross Motor Skills in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Three Case Reports

1
Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo 90128 Sicily, Italy
2
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Unit, University of Palermo, 90144 Sicily, Italy
3
Regional Sports School of CONI Sicilia, 90141 Sicily, Italy
4
Department of Economics, Management and Statistics, University of Palermo, 90128 Sicily, Italy
5
Study Center of University Sports Center of Palermo (CUS Palermo), University of Palermo, 90129 Sicily, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4(2), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk4020027
Received: 29 April 2019 / Revised: 21 May 2019 / Accepted: 22 May 2019 / Published: 24 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychology of Development and Education Applied to Movement)
  |  
PDF [246 KB, uploaded 24 May 2019]

Abstract

Swimming pool activities revealed to be efficacious to train psychomotor skills and increase adaptive behaviors in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a specific multi-systemic aquatic therapy (CI-MAT) on gross motor and social skills in three adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Methods: three adolescents with ASD of which two boys (M1 with a chronological age of 10.3 years and a mental age of 4.7 years; M2 with a chronological age of 14.6 and a mental age inferior to 4 years) and one girl (chronological age of 14.0 and a mental age inferior to 4 years). The study was divided into three phases: baseline, 12-week CI-MAT program and Post-Test. Participants were administered a battery of tests incorporating anthropometric measurements, gross motor development test and a social skills questionnaire before and after a 12-week MAT-CI program. Results: Subjects improved locomotors and object control skills following the CI-MAT program in a different way. Concerning social behaviors, the higher proportion of gains was observed in the sensitivity of other’s presence and eye contact, for the contact domain, and in the comply turn for the relationship domain. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the CI-MAT program was effective for the development of gross-motor skills and social behaviors in subjects with ASD. Moreover there is an urge to carry out a whole psychological assessment targeting both motor and adaptive development suitable to provide educational and vocational plans of exercises for people with ASD. View Full-Text
Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorders; swimming; aquatic therapy; gross motor proficiency; social skills; exercise Autism Spectrum Disorders; swimming; aquatic therapy; gross motor proficiency; social skills; exercise
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Battaglia, G.; Agrò, G.; Cataldo, P.; Palma, A.; Alesi, M. Influence of a Specific Aquatic Program on Social and Gross Motor Skills in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Three Case Reports. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4, 27.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. EISSN 2411-5142 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top