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Article

Improvement of Fault Current Calculation and Static Security Risk for Droop Control of the Inverter-Interfaced DG of Grid-Connected and Isolated Microgrids

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Ural Power Engineering Institute, Ural Federal University Yekaterinburg, Ekaterinburg 620075, Russia
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Electrical Engineering Department, Assiut University, Assiut 71515, Egypt
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Electrical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia 61111, Egypt
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Electrical Department, Dong Nai Technical College, Bien Hoa 810000, Vietnam
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Electrical and Electronics Department, Lac Hong University, Bien Hoa 810000, Vietnam
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mohammad Hassan Khooban, Amin Hajizadeh and Navid Bayati
Inventions 2022, 7(3), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions7030052
Received: 29 May 2022 / Revised: 17 June 2022 / Accepted: 27 June 2022 / Published: 29 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microgrids: Protection, Cyber Physical Issues, and Control)
The contribution current of an inverter-interfaced distributed generator unit during a fault is one of the significant challenges for two modes: grid-connected and isolated AC microgrid. For this challenge, this article is aimed to study two methods of fault current calculation for two modes: grid-connected and isolated microgrids. These methods include a virtual equivalent impedance and a proposed method. The proposed method is a new technique for calculating the fault current contribution depending on the droop control of inverter-interfaced DG. The proposed method can control the contribution short-circuit current of DG within its limit (2 p.u.) where it is dependent on the voltage value of the DG bus to calculate the short circuit current of DG by using the control criterion. Static security risk and load shedding are calculated after fault clearance using an operation scenario in which the distribution system will be divided into small subsystems and is then grid-connected and isolated due to the removal of the faulted bus by protection devices. The proposed technique is applied to a standard IEEE 33-bus distribution network with five DGs. The results show that the contribution current of inverter-interfaced DG during the fault has more effects than the fault current of the nearest faulted bus to the DG bus. The proposed technique improves the calculated fault current value by about 30% for the grid-connected microgrid and by about 50% for the isolated microgrid from its value of the virtual impedance method. The static security risk is improved after load shedding. The static security risk improved by about 0.025%. View Full-Text
Keywords: microgrid; fault current; distributed generation; static security risk; load shedding microgrid; fault current; distributed generation; static security risk; load shedding
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aref, M.; Mossa, M.A.; Lan, N.K.; Quynh, N.V.; Oboskalov, V.; Ali, A.F.M. Improvement of Fault Current Calculation and Static Security Risk for Droop Control of the Inverter-Interfaced DG of Grid-Connected and Isolated Microgrids. Inventions 2022, 7, 52. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions7030052

AMA Style

Aref M, Mossa MA, Lan NK, Quynh NV, Oboskalov V, Ali AFM. Improvement of Fault Current Calculation and Static Security Risk for Droop Control of the Inverter-Interfaced DG of Grid-Connected and Isolated Microgrids. Inventions. 2022; 7(3):52. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions7030052

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aref, Mahmoud, Mahmoud A. Mossa, Ngo Kim Lan, Nguyen Vu Quynh, Vladislav Oboskalov, and Alaa F. M. Ali. 2022. "Improvement of Fault Current Calculation and Static Security Risk for Droop Control of the Inverter-Interfaced DG of Grid-Connected and Isolated Microgrids" Inventions 7, no. 3: 52. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions7030052

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