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Inventions 2018, 3(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions3010013

Frequency Transient Suppression in Hybrid Electric Ship Power Systems: A Model Predictive Control Strategy for Converter Control with Energy Storage

Australian Maritime College, University of Tasmania, Launceston, Tasmania 7250, Australia
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Received: 26 December 2017 / Revised: 20 February 2018 / Accepted: 27 February 2018 / Published: 1 March 2018
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Abstract

This paper aims to understand how the common phenomenon of fluctuations in propulsion and service load demand contribute to frequency transients in hybrid electric ship power systems. These fluctuations arise mainly due to changes in sea conditions resulting in significant variations in the propulsion load demand of ships. This leads to poor power quality for the power system that can potentially cause hazardous conditions such as blackout on board the ship. Effects of these fluctuations are analysed using a hybrid electric ship power system model and a proposed Model Predictive Control (MPC) strategy to prevent propagation of transients from the propellers into the shipboard power system. A battery energy storage system, which is directly connected to the DC-link of the frequency converter, is used as the smoothing element. Case studies that involve propulsion and service load changes have been carried out to investigate the efficacy of the proposed solution. Simulation results show that the proposed solution with energy storage and MPC is able to contain frequency transients in the shipboard power system within the permissible levels stipulated by the relevant power quality standards. These findings will help ship builders and operators to consider using battery energy storage systems controlled by advanced control techniques such as MPC to improve the power quality on board ships. View Full-Text
Keywords: battery energy storage; frequency transient; settling time; hybrid electric ship propulsion; power system modelling; load change; model predictive control; Proportional-Integral (PI) control; ship service loads battery energy storage; frequency transient; settling time; hybrid electric ship propulsion; power system modelling; load change; model predictive control; Proportional-Integral (PI) control; ship service loads
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Shagar, V.; Jayasinghe, S.G.; Enshaei, H. Frequency Transient Suppression in Hybrid Electric Ship Power Systems: A Model Predictive Control Strategy for Converter Control with Energy Storage. Inventions 2018, 3, 13.

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