Vortex Target: A New Design for a Powder-in-Gas Target for Large-Scale Radionuclide Production
AbstractThis paper presents a design and working principle for a combined powder-in-gas target. The excellent surface-to-volume ratio of micrometer-sized powder particles injected into a forced carrier-gas-driven environment provides optimal beam power-induced heat relief. Finely dispersed powders can be controlled by a combined pump-driven inward-spiraling gas flow and a fan structure in the center. Known proton-induced nuclear reactions on isotopically enriched materials such as 68Zn and 100Mo were taken into account to be conceptually remodeled as a powder-in-gas target assembly, which was compared to thick target designs. The small irradiation chambers that were modeled in our studies for powdery ‘thick’ targets with a mass thickness (g/cm2) comparable to 68Zn and 100Mo resulted in the need to load 2.5 and 12.6 grams of the isotopically enriched target material, respectively, into a convective 7-bar pressured helium cooling circuit for irradiation, with ion currents and entrance energies of 0.8 (13 MeV) and 2 mA (20 MeV), respectively. Current densities of ~2 μA/mm2 (20 MeV), induces power loads of up to 4 kW/cm2. Moreover, the design work showed that this powder-in-gas target concept could potentially be applied to other radionuclide production routes that involve powdery starting materials. Although the modeling work showed good convective heat relief expectations for micrometer-sized powder, more detailed mathematical investigation on the powder-in-gas target restrictions, electrostatic behavior, and erosion effects during irradiation are required for developing a real prototype assembly. View Full-Text
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Lange, G. Vortex Target: A New Design for a Powder-in-Gas Target for Large-Scale Radionuclide Production. Instruments 2019, 3, 24.
Lange G. Vortex Target: A New Design for a Powder-in-Gas Target for Large-Scale Radionuclide Production. Instruments. 2019; 3(2):24.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lange, Gerrie. 2019. "Vortex Target: A New Design for a Powder-in-Gas Target for Large-Scale Radionuclide Production." Instruments 3, no. 2: 24.
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