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Geographic-Scale Harvest Program to Promote Invasivorism of Bigheaded Carps

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 555 Lester Avenue, La Crosse, WI 54650, USA
Illinois Department of Natural Resources, 700 South 10th Street, Havana, IL 62644, USA
Riverence Holdings LLC, 604 W Franklin Street, Boise, ID 83702, USA
Department of Geographical and Sustainability Sciences, 310 Jessup Hall, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Center for Fisheries, Aquaculture, and Aquatic Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, 1125 Lincoln Drive, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901, USA
Hubbs-SeaWorld Research Institute, 2595 Ingraham Street, San Diego, CA 92109, USA
lllinois Department of Natural Resources, One Natural Resources Way, Springfield, IL 62702, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Fishes 2020, 5(3), 29;
Received: 17 July 2020 / Revised: 17 August 2020 / Accepted: 24 August 2020 / Published: 1 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biology and Control of Invasive Fishes)
Invasive bigheaded carps, genus Hypophthalmichthys, are spreading throughout the Mississippi River basin. To explore the efficacy of a consumer-based market (i.e., invasivorism) to manage them, we developed a conceptual model and evaluated three harvest approaches—direct contracted removal, volume-based incentives (“fisher-side” control), and set-quota harvest (“market-side” control). We quantified the efficacy of these approaches and potential population impact in the Illinois River. Contracted removal was effective for suppressing small populations at the edge of the range but cannot support a market. “Fisher-side” removals totaled 225,372 kg in one year. However, participation was low, perhaps due to reporting requirements for fishers. The “market-side”, set-quota approach removed >1.3 million kg of bigheaded carp in less than 6 months. Larger, older fish were disproportionately harvested, which may hinder the ability to suppress population growth. Total density declined in one river reach, and harvest may reduce upstream movement toward the invasion fronts. With sufficient market demand, harvest may control bigheaded carp. However, lack of processing infrastructure and supply chain bottlenecks could constrain harvest, particularly at low commodity prices. Given the geographical scale of this invasion and complicated harvest logistics, concerns about economic dependence on invasivorism that encourage stock enhancement are likely unmerited. View Full-Text
Keywords: invasivorism; bigheaded carp; commercial fishing; Hypophthalmichthys; Illinois River invasivorism; bigheaded carp; commercial fishing; Hypophthalmichthys; Illinois River
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bouska, W.W.; Glover, D.C.; Trushenski, J.T.; Secchi, S.; Garvey, J.E.; MacNamara, R.; Coulter, D.P.; Coulter, A.A.; Irons, K.; Wieland, A. Geographic-Scale Harvest Program to Promote Invasivorism of Bigheaded Carps. Fishes 2020, 5, 29.

AMA Style

Bouska WW, Glover DC, Trushenski JT, Secchi S, Garvey JE, MacNamara R, Coulter DP, Coulter AA, Irons K, Wieland A. Geographic-Scale Harvest Program to Promote Invasivorism of Bigheaded Carps. Fishes. 2020; 5(3):29.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bouska, Wesley W., David C. Glover, Jesse T. Trushenski, Silvia Secchi, James E. Garvey, Ruairi MacNamara, David P. Coulter, Alison A. Coulter, Kevin Irons, and Andrew Wieland. 2020. "Geographic-Scale Harvest Program to Promote Invasivorism of Bigheaded Carps" Fishes 5, no. 3: 29.

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