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Open AccessArticle

Sand Goby—An Ecologically Relevant Species for Behavioural Ecotoxicology

Department of Biology, University of Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Box 463, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden
The Linnaeus Centre for Marine Evolutionary Biology, University of Gothenburg, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Södertörn University, SE-141 89 Huddinge, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Fishes 2018, 3(1), 13;
Received: 30 December 2017 / Revised: 9 February 2018 / Accepted: 14 February 2018 / Published: 20 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aquatic Organisms for Environmental Monitoring)
Locomotion-based behavioural endpoints have been suggested as suitable sublethal endpoints for human and environmental hazard assessment, as well as for biomonitoring applications. Larval stages of the sand goby (Pomatoschistus minutus) possess a number of attractive qualities for experimental testing that make it a promising species in behavioural ecotoxicology. Here, we present a study aimed at developing a toolkit for using the sand goby as novel species for ecotoxicological studies and using locomotion as an alternative endpoint in toxicity testing. Exposure to three contaminants (copper (Cu), di-butyl phthalate (DBP) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) was tested in the early life stages of the sand goby and the locomotion patterns of the larvae were quantified using an automatic tracking system. In a photo-motor test, sand goby larvae displayed substantially higher activity in light than in dark cycles. Furthermore, all tested compounds exerted behavioural alterations, such as hypo- and hyperactivity. Our experimental results show that sand goby larvae produce robust and quantifiable locomotive responses, which could be used within an ecotoxicological context for assessing the behavioural toxicity of environmental pollutants, with particular relevance in the Nordic region. This study thus suggests that sand goby larvae have potential as an environmentally relevant species for behavioural ecotoxicology, and as such offer an alternative to standard model species. View Full-Text
Keywords: locomotion; Gobiidae; fish larvae; behaviour; ecotoxicology locomotion; Gobiidae; fish larvae; behaviour; ecotoxicology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Asnicar, D.; Ašmonaitė, G.; Birgersson, L.; Kvarnemo, C.; Svensson, O.; Sturve, J. Sand Goby—An Ecologically Relevant Species for Behavioural Ecotoxicology. Fishes 2018, 3, 13.

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