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Article

Information in Explaining Cognition: How to Evaluate It?

by 1,2
1
Department of Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Be’er Sheva 841050, Israel
2
Department of Philosophy, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Be’er Sheva 841050, Israel
Academic Editor: Marcin J. Schroeder
Philosophies 2022, 7(2), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies7020028
Received: 31 January 2022 / Revised: 21 February 2022 / Accepted: 22 February 2022 / Published: 8 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 3)
The claims that “The brain processes information” or “Cognition is information processing” are accepted as truisms in cognitive science. However, it is unclear how to evaluate such claims absent a specification of “information” as it is used by neurocognitive theories. The aim of this article is, thus, to identify the key features of information that information-based neurocognitive theories posit. A systematic identification of these features can reveal the explanatory role that information plays in specific neurocognitive theories, and can, therefore, be both theoretically and practically important. These features can be used, in turn, as desiderata against which candidate theories of information may be evaluated. After discussing some characteristics of explanation in cognitive science and their implications for “information”, three notions are briefly introduced: natural, sensory, and endogenous information. Subsequently, six desiderata are identified and defended based on cognitive scientific practices. The global workspace theory of consciousness is then used as a specific case study that arguably posits either five or six corresponding features of information. View Full-Text
Keywords: cognition; cognitive science; sender; receiver; natural information; endogenous information; sensory information; desiderata; semantic information; scientific explanation cognition; cognitive science; sender; receiver; natural information; endogenous information; sensory information; desiderata; semantic information; scientific explanation
MDPI and ACS Style

Fresco, N. Information in Explaining Cognition: How to Evaluate It? Philosophies 2022, 7, 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies7020028

AMA Style

Fresco N. Information in Explaining Cognition: How to Evaluate It? Philosophies. 2022; 7(2):28. https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies7020028

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fresco, Nir. 2022. "Information in Explaining Cognition: How to Evaluate It?" Philosophies 7, no. 2: 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies7020028

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