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Logical Problems in Analysis of Analogy

University of Information, Technology and Management, 35-225 Rzeszow, Poland
Philosophies 2019, 4(2), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies4020029
Received: 27 November 2018 / Revised: 24 March 2019 / Accepted: 18 April 2019 / Published: 3 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Philosophies on Analogy)
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Abstract

The paper discusses some logical problems concerning analogy. The traditional understanding of analogy as proportion (proportion) is inadequate, at least if proportionality is taken in mathematical sense. This situation is clear if we considered various special cases of analogy for instance analogia legis and analogia juris. Since analogy assumes a similarity of analogata (items being or investigated) as analogical, a general analysis of analogical relation must begin with the concept of similarity. It can be defined as possessing a common property. This idea is formalized by devices borrowed from logic and set theory. View Full-Text
Keywords: similarity; logic; set; reasoning; model; semantics; discovery similarity; logic; set; reasoning; model; semantics; discovery
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Woleński, J. Logical Problems in Analysis of Analogy. Philosophies 2019, 4, 29.

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