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Philosophies 2019, 4(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies4010007

Exceptional Experiences of Stable and Unstable Mental States, Understood from a Dual-Aspect Point of View

1
Collegium Helveticum, ETH Zurich and University Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
2
Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health, 79098 Freiburg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 January 2019 / Revised: 31 January 2019 / Accepted: 1 February 2019 / Published: 15 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 1)
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Abstract

Within a state-space approach endowed with a generalized potential function, mental states can be systematically characterized by their stability against perturbations. This approach yields three major classes of states: (1) asymptotically stable categorial states, (2) marginally stable non-categorial states and (3) unstable acategorial states. The particularly interesting case of states giving rise to exceptional experiences will be elucidated in detail. Their proper classification will be related to Metzinger’s account of self-model and world-model, and empirical support for this classification will be surveyed. Eventually, it will be outlined how Metzinger’s discussion of intentionality achieves pronounced significance within a dual-aspect framework of thinking. View Full-Text
Keywords: acategoriality; state-space approach; mental representation; dual-aspect monism; exceptional experiences; intentionality; mind-matter relations acategoriality; state-space approach; mental representation; dual-aspect monism; exceptional experiences; intentionality; mind-matter relations
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Atmanspacher, H.; Fach, W. Exceptional Experiences of Stable and Unstable Mental States, Understood from a Dual-Aspect Point of View. Philosophies 2019, 4, 7.

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