Next Article in Journal
Experimental Study on a “Snake-Type” Vibration Cutting Method for Cutting Force and Cutting Heat Reductions
Next Article in Special Issue
Evo-Devo Algorithms: Gene-Regulation for Digital Architecture
Previous Article in Journal
What Does a Hand-Over Tell?—Individuality of Short Motion Sequences
Previous Article in Special Issue
Unfolding Crease Patterns Inspired by Insect Wings and Variations of the Miura-ori with a Single Vein
Open AccessArticle

Pioneering Construction Materials through Prototypological Research

Sustainable Construction, Faculty of Architecture, KIT Karlsruhe, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomimetics 2019, 4(3), 56;
Received: 25 February 2019 / Revised: 2 August 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 13 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Proto-Architecture and Unconventional Biomaterials)
The article at hand follows the understanding that future cities cannot be built the same way as existing ones, inducing a radical paradigm shift in how we produce and use materials for the construction of our habitat in the 21st century. In search of a methodology for an integrated, holistic, and interdisciplinary development of such new materials and construction technologies, the chair of Sustainable Construction at KIT Karlsruhe proposes the concept of “prototypological” research. Coined through joining the terms “prototype” and “typology”, prototypology represents a full-scale application, that is an experiment and proof in itself to effectively and holistically discover all connected aspects and address unknowns of a specific question, yet at the same time is part of a bigger and systematic test series of such different typologies with similar characteristics, yet varying parameters. The second part of the article applies this method to the research on mycelium-bound building materials, and specifically to the four prototypologies MycoTree, UMAR, Rumah Tambah, and Futurium. The conclusion aims to place the results into the bigger research context, calling for a new type of architectural research. View Full-Text
Keywords: prototypology; prototype; typology; architectural; research; methodology; mycelium; MycoTree; sustainable; construction prototypology; prototype; typology; architectural; research; methodology; mycelium; MycoTree; sustainable; construction
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Heisel, F.; Hebel, D.E. Pioneering Construction Materials through Prototypological Research. Biomimetics 2019, 4, 56.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

Back to TopTop