Next Article in Journal
Safety Issues in the Seismic Design of Secondary Frameless Glass Structures
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of Various Clothing Variations on Firefighter Mobility: A Pilot Study
Open AccessArticle

Decision-Making Processes Underlying Pedestrian Behaviors at Signalized Crossing: Part 1. The First to Step off the Kerb

1
Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, IPHC UMR 7178, 67000 Strasbourg, France
2
Center for Nonlinear Phenomena and Complex Systems (Cenoli)-CP 231, Université libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
3
Institut Universitaire de France, 75231 Paris, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Safety 2019, 5(4), 79; https://doi.org/10.3390/safety5040079
Received: 11 September 2019 / Revised: 25 October 2019 / Accepted: 30 October 2019 / Published: 31 October 2019
Pedestrians are ideal subjects for the study of decision-making, due to the inter-individual variation in risk taking. Many studies have attempted to understand which environmental factors influence the number of times pedestrians broke the rules at road-crossings, very few focused on the decision-making process of pedestrians according to the different conditions of these variables, that is to say their perception and interpretation of the information they receive. We used survival analyses and modeling to highlight the decision-making process of pedestrians crossing the road at signalized crossings in France and in Japan. For the first pedestrians to step off the kerb, we showed that the probability to cross the road follows three different processes: one at the red signal, one just before the pedestrian signal turns green, and one after the signal has turned green. Globally, the decision of the first pedestrian to cross, whether he or she does so at the green or at the red signal, is influenced by their country of residence. We identify the use of cognitive processes such as risk sensitivity and temporal discounting, and propose new concepts based on the results of this study to decrease the incidence of rule-breaking by pedestrians. View Full-Text
Keywords: collective behaviors; cognition; culture; gender; risk taking collective behaviors; cognition; culture; gender; risk taking
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pelé, M.; Deneubourg, J.-L.; Sueur, C. Decision-Making Processes Underlying Pedestrian Behaviors at Signalized Crossing: Part 1. The First to Step off the Kerb. Safety 2019, 5, 79.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop