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Article

Organic Material for Clean Production in the Batik Industry: A Case Study of Natural Batik Semarang, Indonesia

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Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Semarang, 1st Floor, D6 Building Kampus Sekaran Gunungpati, Semarang 50229, Indonesia
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Mathematics Department, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Semarang, 1st Floor, D5 Building Kampus Sekaran Gunungpati, Semarang 50229, Indonesia
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Economic Department, Faculty of Economi, Universitas Negeri Semarang, C6 Building, Kampus Sekaran. Gunungpati, Semarang 50229, Indonesia
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Department of Industrial Technology of Agriculture, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Recycling 2020, 5(4), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling5040028
Received: 15 July 2020 / Revised: 7 October 2020 / Accepted: 16 October 2020 / Published: 19 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recycling and Recovery of Biomass Materials)
Batik has become more desirable in the current fashion mode within the global market, but the environmental damage induced by this fabric’s synthetic dye practices is a matter of concern. This study aimed to discuss the application of organic materials as natural dyes in the clean production of textiles to maintain the environment. The research was a case study from the community services program in Kampung Malon, Gunungpati, Semarang City, Indonesia, focused on the batik home industry of the Zie Batik fabric. Furthermore, natural pigments from various plant organs (stem, leaves, wood, bark, and fruit) of diverse species, including Caesalpinia sappan, Ceriops candolleana, Maclura cochinchinensis, Indigofera tinctorial, I. arrecta, Rhizopora spp., Strobilantes cusia, and Terminalia bellirica were used for this type of material. These pigments are more biodegradable, relatively safe, and easily obtained with zero liquid waste compared to the synthetic variants. The leftover wastewater from the coloring stages was further utilized for other processes. Subsequently, the remaining organic waste from the whole procedure was employed as compost and/or timber for batik production, although a large amount of the wastewater containing sodium carbonate (Na2CO3), alum (KAl(SO4)2·12H2O), and fixatives (Ca(OH)2 and FeSO4) were discharged into the environment during the process of mordanting and fixating, with the requirement of additional treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: batik; clean production; natural; organic materials; Semarang City batik; clean production; natural; organic materials; Semarang City
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martuti, N.K.T.; Hidayah, I.; Margunani, M.; Alafima, R.B. Organic Material for Clean Production in the Batik Industry: A Case Study of Natural Batik Semarang, Indonesia. Recycling 2020, 5, 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling5040028

AMA Style

Martuti NKT, Hidayah I, Margunani M, Alafima RB. Organic Material for Clean Production in the Batik Industry: A Case Study of Natural Batik Semarang, Indonesia. Recycling. 2020; 5(4):28. https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling5040028

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martuti, Nana Kariada Tri, Isti Hidayah, Margunani Margunani, and Radhitya Bayu Alafima. 2020. "Organic Material for Clean Production in the Batik Industry: A Case Study of Natural Batik Semarang, Indonesia" Recycling 5, no. 4: 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling5040028

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