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Article

Collective Action in Waste Management: A Comparative Study of Recycling and Recovery Initiatives from Brazil, Indonesia, and Nigeria Using the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework

Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources (UNU-FLORES), United Nations University, 01067 Dresden, Germany
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Recycling 2020, 5(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling5010004
Received: 31 January 2020 / Revised: 21 February 2020 / Accepted: 27 February 2020 / Published: 1 March 2020
Recycling and recovery provide not only a sustainable option to decrease the volume of waste that needs final disposal, but also a blueprint to a circular economy. However, rates of recycling/recovery still remain very low on a global scale. While it is important to look for technology-based solutions to improve recycling/recovery activities, such solutions might not be necessarily affordable in many countries. A solution that involves the active participation of the population, on the other hand, has the potential to succeed in any country. The challenge is to attract and unite people to achieve such common goals. The theory of collective action and the Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) framework, that have been originally used in resource management, are two concepts that can be adapted to organize recycling/recovery initiatives. This manuscript discusses what recycling/recovery programs can learn from the theory of collective action and the IAD framework, through a qualitative comparative study of such initiatives from three different cities. They are; Curitiba in Brazil, Padang in Indonesia, and Akure in Nigeria. The cases show the potential benefits of both concepts, not only in formulating and implementing recycling/recovery programs but also in making corrective measures for continuous improvements. All cases also showed the importance of increasing awareness-raising to change public perception towards waste from being a nuisance to a valuable resource. View Full-Text
Keywords: collective action; institutional analysis and development framework; waste policy; waste governance; waste management; recycling and recovery; circular economy collective action; institutional analysis and development framework; waste policy; waste governance; waste management; recycling and recovery; circular economy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oh, J.; Hettiarachchi, H. Collective Action in Waste Management: A Comparative Study of Recycling and Recovery Initiatives from Brazil, Indonesia, and Nigeria Using the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework. Recycling 2020, 5, 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling5010004

AMA Style

Oh J, Hettiarachchi H. Collective Action in Waste Management: A Comparative Study of Recycling and Recovery Initiatives from Brazil, Indonesia, and Nigeria Using the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework. Recycling. 2020; 5(1):4. https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling5010004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oh, Jinkyung, and Hiroshan Hettiarachchi. 2020. "Collective Action in Waste Management: A Comparative Study of Recycling and Recovery Initiatives from Brazil, Indonesia, and Nigeria Using the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework" Recycling 5, no. 1: 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling5010004

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