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Correlation of Mechanical and Electrical Behavior of Polyethylene Oxide-Based Solid Electrolytes for All-Solid State Lithium-Ion Batteries

Fraunhofer-Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM, Wiener Str. 12, 28359 Bremen, Germany
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Batteries 2019, 5(1), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries5010026
Received: 29 December 2018 / Revised: 15 February 2019 / Accepted: 18 February 2019 / Published: 24 February 2019
Mechanical and electrochemical stability are key issues for large-scale production of solid state Li-ion batteries. Polymer electrolytes can provide good ionic conductivity, but mechanical strength needs to be improved. In this study, we investigate the correlation of mechanical and electrical properties of poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO)-based solid electrolytes for Li-ion batteries. The influence of alumina and LiClO4 addition are investigated. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is used to study the thermal behavior of salt-free and salt-containing samples and to identify the melting temperature. Dynamic mechanical analysis reveals the elastic properties as a function of temperature. Electrochemical properties are investigated using impedance spectroscopy. It is found that addition of alumina increases mechanical strength, while LiClO4 decreases it. Addition of LiClO4 and Al2O3 increases ionic conductivity and improves mechanical properties. However, there is no overlapping window of high mechanical strength and high ionic conductivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: all-solid state batteries; all-solid state electrolytes; poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO); dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA); mechanical characterization all-solid state batteries; all-solid state electrolytes; poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO); dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA); mechanical characterization
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Peters, F.; Langer, F.; Hillen, N.; Koschek, K.; Bardenhagen, I.; Schwenzel, J.; Busse, M. Correlation of Mechanical and Electrical Behavior of Polyethylene Oxide-Based Solid Electrolytes for All-Solid State Lithium-Ion Batteries. Batteries 2019, 5, 26.

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