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Discharge by Short Circuit Currents of Parallel-Connected Lithium-Ion Cells in Thermal Propagation

1
Daimler AG, Neue Straße 95, 73230 Kirchheim u. Teck (Nabern), Germany
2
Electrical Energy Storage Systems, Institute for Photovoltaic, University of Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 47, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Batteries 2019, 5(1), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries5010018
Received: 28 December 2018 / Revised: 17 January 2019 / Accepted: 19 January 2019 / Published: 29 January 2019
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Abstract

The increasing need for high capacity batteries in plug-in hybrids and all-electric vehicles gives rise to the question of whether these batteries should be equipped with a few large capacity cells or rather many low capacity cells in parallel. This article demonstrates the possible benefits of smaller cells connected in parallel because of discharge effects. Measurements have been conducted proving the beneficial influence of a lower SoC on the thermal runaway behaviour of lithium-ion cells. A second test series examines the short circuit currents during an ongoing thermal propagation in parallel-connected cells. With the help of a developed equivalent circuit model and the results of the test series two major system parameters, the ohmic resistance of a cell during thermal runaway R tr and the resistance post thermal runaway R ptr are extracted for the test set-up. A further developed equivalent circuit model and its analytical description are presented and illustrate the great impact of R ptr on the overall discharged capacity. According to the model, cells with a capacity of no more than C cell = 10–15 Ah and a parallel-connection of 24 cells show the most potential to discharge a significant amount. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium-ion battery; parallel-connection; short circuit current; thermal propagation; thermal runaway; discharge impact; state of charge lithium-ion battery; parallel-connection; short circuit current; thermal propagation; thermal runaway; discharge impact; state of charge
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Koch, S.; Fill, A.; Kelesiadou, K.; Birke, K.P. Discharge by Short Circuit Currents of Parallel-Connected Lithium-Ion Cells in Thermal Propagation. Batteries 2019, 5, 18.

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