Next Article in Journal
DFT Protocol for EPR Prediction of Paramagnetic Cu(II) Complexes and Application to Protein Binding Sites
Next Article in Special Issue
Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Grain Refined Pr2Co14B Melt-Spun Ribbons
Previous Article in Journal
Synthesis, Structure and Magnetic Study of a Di-Iron Complex Containing N-N Bridges
Open AccessArticle

Structural, Magnetic, and Mössbauer Studies of Transition Metal-Doped Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5 Intermetallic Compounds (TM = Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn)

1
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia Southern University, Savannah, GA 31419, USA
2
Department of Physics and Materials Science, The University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
3
Department of Science, Harmony Science Academy, 12005 Forestgate Dr., Dallas, TX 75243, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Magnetochemistry 2018, 4(4), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry4040054
Received: 9 September 2018 / Revised: 9 November 2018 / Accepted: 19 November 2018 / Published: 27 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Permanent Magnets)
The effect of transition metal substitution for Fe and the structural and magnetic properties of Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5 (TM = Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn) compounds were investigated in this study. Rietveld analysis of X-ray data indicates that all the samples crystallize in the hexagonal Th2Ni17 structure. The lattice parameters a, c, and the unit cell volume show TM ionic radii dependence. Both Ga and TM atoms show preferred site occupancy for 12j and 12k sites. The saturation magnetization at room temperature was observed for Co, Ni, and Cu of 69, 73, and 77 emu/g, respectively, while a minimum value was observed for Zn (62 emu/g) doping in Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5. The highest Curie temperature of 590 K was observed for Cu doping which is 15 and 5% higher than Gd2Fe17 and Gd2Fe16Ga compounds, respectively. The hyperfine parameters viz. hyperfine field and isomer shift show systematic dependence on the TM atomic number. The observed magnetic and Curie temperature behavior in Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5 is explained on the basis of Fe(3d)-TM(3d) hybridization. The superior Curie temperature and magnetization value of Co-, Ni-, and Cu-doped Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5 compounds as compared to pure Gd2Fe17 or Gd2Fe16Ga makes Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5 a potential candidate for high-temperature industrial magnet applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: permanent magnetic materials; 2:17 intermetallic; Mössbauer spectroscopy; Curie temperature; X-ray diffraction; Rietveld analysis permanent magnetic materials; 2:17 intermetallic; Mössbauer spectroscopy; Curie temperature; X-ray diffraction; Rietveld analysis
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Dahal, J.N.; Ali, K.S.S.; Mishra, S.R.; Alam, J. Structural, Magnetic, and Mössbauer Studies of Transition Metal-Doped Gd2Fe16Ga0.5TM0.5 Intermetallic Compounds (TM = Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn). Magnetochemistry 2018, 4, 54.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop