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Review

Impact of Grafting on Watermelon Fruit Maturity and Quality

1
Northwestern Washington Research & Extension Center, Department of Horticulture, Washington State University, Mount Vernon, WA 98273, USA
2
Department of Horticulture, Plants for Human Health Institute, North Carolina State University, Kannapolis, NC 28081, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Horticulturae 2020, 6(4), 97; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae6040097
Received: 19 November 2020 / Revised: 3 December 2020 / Accepted: 4 December 2020 / Published: 8 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Managing the Product Quality of Vegetable Crops under Abiotic Stress)
Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) grafting has emerged as a promising biological management approach aimed at increasing tolerance to abiotic stressors, such as unfavorable environmental conditions. These conditions include environments that are too cold, wet, or dry, have soil nutrient deficiency or toxicity and soil or irrigation water salinity. Studies to date indicate that fruit yield and quality may be positively or negatively affected depending on rootstock-scion combination and growing environment. Growers need information regarding the general effect of rootstocks, as well as specific scion-rootstock interactions on fruit maturity and quality so they can select combinations best suited for their environment. This review summarizes the literature on watermelon grafting with a focus on abiotic stress tolerance and fruit maturity and quality with specific reference to hollow heart and hard seed formation, flesh firmness, total soluble solids, and lycopene content. View Full-Text
Keywords: flesh firmness; flowering; harvest time; lycopene; rootstock-scion combination; total soluble solids flesh firmness; flowering; harvest time; lycopene; rootstock-scion combination; total soluble solids
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MDPI and ACS Style

Devi, P.; Perkins-Veazie, P.; Miles, C. Impact of Grafting on Watermelon Fruit Maturity and Quality. Horticulturae 2020, 6, 97. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae6040097

AMA Style

Devi P, Perkins-Veazie P, Miles C. Impact of Grafting on Watermelon Fruit Maturity and Quality. Horticulturae. 2020; 6(4):97. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae6040097

Chicago/Turabian Style

Devi, Pinki, Penelope Perkins-Veazie, and Carol Miles. 2020. "Impact of Grafting on Watermelon Fruit Maturity and Quality" Horticulturae 6, no. 4: 97. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae6040097

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