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Open AccessArticle

Augmenting Nutrient Acquisition Ranges of Greenhouse Grown CBD (Cannabidiol) Hemp (Cannabis sativa) Cultivars

1
Department of Horticultural Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
2
Department of Crop and Soil Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
3
North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Raleigh, NC 27601, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Horticulturae 2020, 6(4), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae6040098
Received: 5 November 2020 / Revised: 4 December 2020 / Accepted: 7 December 2020 / Published: 9 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Nutrition)
There is a growing interest in the production of hemp for the extraction of cannabidiol (CBD) due to reported therapeutic benefits. Recent policy reform has permitted state hemp pilot programs, including the land grant research institutions, the ability to investigate the potential of growing and harvesting Cannabis sativa plants (≤0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol) for these purposes in the U.S. There are vast gaps of knowledge regarding the fertility requirements of hemp cultivars grown in a horticultural production setting for floral attributes such as the cannabinoid constituents. Foliar tissue analysis provides an avenue to determine adequate ranges for nutrient uptake and estimating fertilizer requirements prior to visual symptoms of deficiency or toxicity. To facilitate a survey range of elemental nutrient acquisition in hemp cultivars propagated for CBD production, foliar analysis was executed using the most recently mature leaves (MRML) of mother stock plants. All plants were maintained in the vegetative stage for twelve weeks, prior to initiation of cutting for clone harvesting. A total of thirteen cultivars were utilized to broaden previously reported baseline survey ranges. Significant differences were found among all thirteen cultivars in accumulation of both micro and macro essential nutrients, widening the range of the fertility requirements of Cannabis plants grown in this production model for CBD harvesting. View Full-Text
Keywords: foliar; macronutrients; micronutrients; deficiency; foliar analysis; fertility; toxicity; indica; subspecies foliar; macronutrients; micronutrients; deficiency; foliar analysis; fertility; toxicity; indica; subspecies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kalinowski, J.; Edmisten, K.; Davis, J.; McGinnis, M.; Hicks, K.; Cockson, P.; Veazie, P.; Whipker, B.E. Augmenting Nutrient Acquisition Ranges of Greenhouse Grown CBD (Cannabidiol) Hemp (Cannabis sativa) Cultivars. Horticulturae 2020, 6, 98. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae6040098

AMA Style

Kalinowski J, Edmisten K, Davis J, McGinnis M, Hicks K, Cockson P, Veazie P, Whipker BE. Augmenting Nutrient Acquisition Ranges of Greenhouse Grown CBD (Cannabidiol) Hemp (Cannabis sativa) Cultivars. Horticulturae. 2020; 6(4):98. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae6040098

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kalinowski, Jennifer; Edmisten, Keith; Davis, Jeanine; McGinnis, Michelle; Hicks, Kristin; Cockson, Paul; Veazie, Patrick; Whipker, Brian E. 2020. "Augmenting Nutrient Acquisition Ranges of Greenhouse Grown CBD (Cannabidiol) Hemp (Cannabis sativa) Cultivars" Horticulturae 6, no. 4: 98. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae6040098

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