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Horticulturae 2018, 4(4), 44; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae4040044

Large-Scale Spatial Modeling of Crop Coefficient and Biomass Production in Agroecosystems in Southeast Brazil

1
Agronomical Sciences Faculty, Universidade Estadual Paulista, São Paulo 18610-034, Brazil
2
School of Sciences and Engineering, Universidade Estadual Paulista, São Paulo 17602-496, Brazil
3
Department of Hydrogeology, Institute of Technological Research (IPT), São Paulo 05508-901, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 October 2018 / Revised: 13 November 2018 / Accepted: 19 November 2018 / Published: 22 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Management of Horticultural Crops)
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Abstract

Sentinel-2 images at 10-m resolution were used for modeling crop coefficients and biomass production with the application of the so-called SAFER (Simple Algorithm for Evapotranspiration Retrieving) and Monteith model for biomass production in an area nearby the city of Águas de Santa Bárbara, in the central-western part of São Paulo State, Brazil, which presents a vast agricultural landscape mosaic, to analyze the effects of the end of the recent ENSO’s (El Niño-Southern Oscillation) most active period (2016/2017) and its posteriori effects on vegetation (until early 2018). Surface albedo, temperature, net radiation, and NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) from the main land uses were extracted to process microclimatic comparisons. Crop coefficient (dimensionless) and biomass production (kg·ha−1·day−1) ranges for the period studied were 0.92–1.35 and 22–104 kg·ha1·day1 (in the area occupied by sugarcane crop), 0.56–0.94 and 15–73 kg·ha1·day1 (pasture), 1.17–1.56 and 25–210 kg·ha1·day1 (silviculture), and 1.05–1.36 and 30–134 kg·ha−1·day−1 (forest). According to the spatial and temporal consistencies, and after comparison with previous point and large-scale studies with similar climatic and thermal conditions, the SAFER and Monteith modelsshowed the ability to quantify and differentiate the large-scale crop coefficients and biomass production of different land uses in the southeast Brazil region. The SAFER algorithm with Sentinel-2 images obtained crop coefficients that indicated plant growth stages and local thermohydrological conditions at a 10-m resolution. The results are important for land use, crop yield and reforestation planning, and for water management plans for actual and future water demand scenarios, and this methodology is useful for monitoring rural and water parameters, and for precision agriculture applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: Evapotranspiration; crop coefficient; primary production of biomass; remote sensing; Sentinel-2 Evapotranspiration; crop coefficient; primary production of biomass; remote sensing; Sentinel-2
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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De Oliveira Ferreira Silva, C.; Lilla Manzione, R.; Albuquerque Filho, J.L. Large-Scale Spatial Modeling of Crop Coefficient and Biomass Production in Agroecosystems in Southeast Brazil. Horticulturae 2018, 4, 44.

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