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Open AccessArticle

Farmers’ Knowledge, Perception and Practices in Apple Pest Management and Climate Change in the Fes-Meknes Region, Morocco

1
Department of Crop Protection, Phytopathology Unit, Ecole Nationale d’Agriculture de Meknès, BP/S 40, Meknès 50001, Morocco
2
Department of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Horticulturae 2018, 4(4), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae4040042
Received: 9 October 2018 / Revised: 2 November 2018 / Accepted: 11 November 2018 / Published: 20 November 2018
Apple production in the Fes-Meknes region of Morocco is highly affected by pests and adverse weather conditions. A survey of apple farmers’ knowledge, perceptions and practices (KPP) in pest management and climate change was conducted in spring 2018 in two major apple-producing provinces of the region. Each farmer reported three insect pests and two diseases on average affecting their orchards. Pest management was performed by a combination of cultural and chemical methods. All farmers used dormant chemical sprays. About 60% of the respondents adopted pest surveillance based on visual inspection and 41.9% chose their pesticides on the basis of the information received from pesticide sellers. An average of 20 treatments per year was applied in each orchard. Regression analysis showed that neither the age of apple trees nor the number of pesticide applications influenced yield. Adverse weather conditions affected all apple plantations and the most frequent problems perceived were frosts, hailstorms, hot winds and water shortage. Of the orchards reported, 51.3% were protected with anti-hail nets. In order to reduce the rate of pesticide applications, better information on integrated pest management is required. Introduction of organic farming is necessary as 40.5% of the farmers agreed to convert to this practice in the future provided that market facilitation is established. View Full-Text
Keywords: apple orchards; farmers’ KPP; integrated pest management; climate change; Fes-Meknes region apple orchards; farmers’ KPP; integrated pest management; climate change; Fes-Meknes region
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Moinina, A.; Lahlali, R.; MacLean, D.; Boulif, M. Farmers’ Knowledge, Perception and Practices in Apple Pest Management and Climate Change in the Fes-Meknes Region, Morocco. Horticulturae 2018, 4, 42.

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