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Fermentation 2019, 5(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/fermentation5010002

The Effect of Salt and Temperature on the Growth of Fresco Culture

Department of Nutrition and Food Quality Assessment, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Slovak, University of Technology, Radlinského 9, 81237 Bratislava, Slovakia
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Received: 26 October 2018 / Revised: 11 December 2018 / Accepted: 17 December 2018 / Published: 20 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Safety and Microbiological Quality)
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Abstract

The effect of environmental factors, including temperature and water activity, has a considerable impact on the growth dynamics of each microbial species, and it is complicated in the case of mixed cultures. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe and analyze the growth dynamics of Fresco culture (consisting of 3 different bacterial species) using predictive microbiology tools. The growth parameters from primary fitting were modelled against temperature using two different secondary models. The intensity of Fresco culture growth in milk was significantly affected by incubation temperature described by Gibson’s model, from which the optimal temperature for growth of 38.6 °C in milk was calculated. This cardinal temperature was verified with the Topt = 38.3 °C calculated by the CTMI model (cardinal temperature model with inflection), providing other cardinal temperatures, i.e., minimal Tmin = 4.0 °C and maximal Tmax = 49.6 °C for Fresco culture growth. The specific growth rate of the culture under optimal temperature was 1.56 h−1. The addition of 1% w/v salt stimulated the culture growth dynamics under temperatures down to 33 °C but not the rate of milk acidification. The prediction data were validated and can be used in dairy practice during manufacture of fermented dairy products. View Full-Text
Keywords: fresco culture; growth parameters; predictive microbiology fresco culture; growth parameters; predictive microbiology
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Medveďová, A.; Šipošová, P.; Mančušková, T.; Valík, Ľ. The Effect of Salt and Temperature on the Growth of Fresco Culture. Fermentation 2019, 5, 2.

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