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On the Interaction of Side-By-Side Circular Cylinders in Viscoplastic Fluids

Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Division of Fluid and Experimental Mechanics, Luleå University of Technology, SE-971 87 Luleå, Sweden
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Fluids 2019, 4(2), 93; https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids4020093
Received: 12 April 2019 / Revised: 15 May 2019 / Accepted: 17 May 2019 / Published: 21 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Mechanics of Non-Newtonian Fluids)
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Abstract

In this paper, the static interaction of a train of three cylinders in a Bingham fluid is studied numerically using Computational Fluid Dynamics. The variation of drag forces for the cylinders in several configurations is investigated. Positions of the particles in relation to the reference particle are recognized by the separation distance between the cylinders. A steady state field is considered, with Bingham numbers between 5 and 150. Several separation distances (d) were considered, such that 2.0Dd ≤ 6.0D where D is the cylinder diameter. The Reynolds number was chosen in the range of 5 ≤ Re ≤ 40. In particular, the effect of the separation distance, Reynolds number and Bingham number on the shape and size of the unyielded regions was investigated. The functional dependence of this region and the drag coefficient is explored. The present results reveal the significant influence of the gap between the cylinders on the drag force and the shape of the unyielded regions surrounding the cylinders. It was found that there are several configurations in which the drag forces over the first and the third cylinders are almost equal depending on variation of the Bi, Re and the separation distance. View Full-Text
Keywords: particle interaction; viscoplastic fluid; Bingham fluid; computational fluid dynamics particle interaction; viscoplastic fluid; Bingham fluid; computational fluid dynamics
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Hamedi, N.; Westerberg, L.-G. On the Interaction of Side-By-Side Circular Cylinders in Viscoplastic Fluids. Fluids 2019, 4, 93.

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