Venturi flumes are one of the most important flow-measuring structures commonly investigated by physical model tests in the past. The solutions to the Venturi flume flow problems were generally found on the basis of empirical equations arising from such tests. Nonetheless, the overall accuracy and range of applicability of these equations rely on the scope of the tests. Additionally, the hydraulic characteristics of free flows in short-throated flumes cannot be modelled by the conventional hydrostatic pressure approaches. In this study, a one-dimensional model, which incorporates a higher-order dynamic pressure correction for the effects of the sidewalls and streamline vertical curvatures, is applied to simulate such flows and elucidate relevant flow features. The model equations are discretised and solved using the finite difference scheme. The computed results for free surface profiles, pressure distributions at different sections and discharge characteristics are compared to measured data. The computational results exhibit good agreement with measured data. Overall, it is shown that the developed model is capable of accurately simulating the curvilinear flows in short-throated flumes with rounded transition and bottom humps. The results also highlight the detailed dependence of the discharge characteristics of the critical-flow flumes under free flow conditions on the curvature of the streamlines.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited