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Article

Preparation and Evaluation of Polymer-Based Ultrasound Gel and Its Application in Ultrasonography

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Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
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Department of Materials, School of Engineering and Technology, National Textile University, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
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School of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
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Multan Medical and Dental College, University of Health Sciences, Lahore 54600, Pakistan
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Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Tabuk, Tabuk 71491, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
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Department of Biology, College of Science, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif 21944, Saudi Arabia
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jingliang Li and Di Jia
Received: 18 November 2021 / Revised: 16 December 2021 / Accepted: 20 December 2021 / Published: 6 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dynamics of Gels and its Applications)
Ultrasound imaging is a widely used technique in every health care center and hospital. Ultrasound gel is used as a coupling medium in all ultrasound procedures to replace air between the transducer and the patient’s skin, as ultrasound waves have trouble in traveling through air. This research was performed to formulate an inexpensive alternative to commercially available ultrasound gel as it is expensive and imported from other countries. Different formulations with different concentrations of carbopol 980 (CAR 980) and methylparaben were prepared with natural ingredients such as aloe vera gel and certain available chemicals that have no harmful effects on the skin. To justify the efficiency of the formulations; necessary physicochemical characteristics such as visual clarity, homogeneity, transparency, skin irritation, antibacterial activity, pH, stability, spreadability, conductivity, acoustic impedance, viscosity, and cost were evaluated. Moreover, a comparison study was also conducted with commercially available ultrasound gel that was utilized as a control. All samples showed excellent transparency and no microbial growth. S1 was the only formulation that met all of the requirements for commercial ultrasound gel and produced images that were similar to those produced by commercial ultrasound gel. So, this formulation could be used as an alternative to expensive commercial ultrasound gel for taking images in hospitals and medical centers. View Full-Text
Keywords: ultrasonography; ultrasound gel; aloe vera; CAR 980; methylparaben ultrasonography; ultrasound gel; aloe vera; CAR 980; methylparaben
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MDPI and ACS Style

Afzal, S.; Zahid, M.; Rehan, Z.A.; Shakir, H.M.F.; Javed, H.; Aljohani, M.M.H.; Mustafa, S.K.; Ahmad, M.; Hassan, M.M. Preparation and Evaluation of Polymer-Based Ultrasound Gel and Its Application in Ultrasonography. Gels 2022, 8, 42. https://doi.org/10.3390/gels8010042

AMA Style

Afzal S, Zahid M, Rehan ZA, Shakir HMF, Javed H, Aljohani MMH, Mustafa SK, Ahmad M, Hassan MM. Preparation and Evaluation of Polymer-Based Ultrasound Gel and Its Application in Ultrasonography. Gels. 2022; 8(1):42. https://doi.org/10.3390/gels8010042

Chicago/Turabian Style

Afzal, Sadia, Muhammad Zahid, Zulfiqar A. Rehan, H. M.F. Shakir, Hamza Javed, Meshari M.H. Aljohani, Syed K. Mustafa, Maqsood Ahmad, and Montaser M. Hassan. 2022. "Preparation and Evaluation of Polymer-Based Ultrasound Gel and Its Application in Ultrasonography" Gels 8, no. 1: 42. https://doi.org/10.3390/gels8010042

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