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Article

Oral Candidal Colonization in Patients with Different Prosthetic Appliances

1
Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Rijeka, Kresimirova 40/42, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
2
Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Rijeka, Kresimirova 40/42, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
3
Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Rijeka, Kresimirova 40/42, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
4
Department of Agriculture and Nutrition, Institute of Agriculture and Tourism, K. Huguesa 8, 52440 Porec, Croatia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gordon Ramage and Jason Brown
J. Fungi 2021, 7(8), 662; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7080662
Received: 12 July 2021 / Revised: 8 August 2021 / Accepted: 12 August 2021 / Published: 16 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fungal Research in Dental Infection, Immunity and Inflammation)
Oral infections caused by Candida species are becoming more common, which may be related to an increase in the number of immunologically compromised patients as well as favorable conditions in the oral cavity that often include removable prosthetic appliances. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of a particular Candida species in patients with PMMA and Cr-Co prosthetic appliances, as well as the salivary flow rate, and oral signs and symptoms. This investigation included a total of 120 subjects with different kinds of removable dentures. A sample of concentrated oral rinse was collected from all subjects in order to detect Candida colonization and identify the Candida species, a quantum of salivation was measured, and subjects were examined clinically. Candida spp. was predominant among the subjects who were denture wearers (p < 0.0001). In all subjects, the most frequently detected species was C.albicans. A statistically significant difference was found between the prevalence of C.albicans (p < 0.001) and C.krusei (p < 0.001) in denture wearers. Subjects with PMMA-based removable prosthetic appliances mostly demonstrated a significant decrease in salivation (p < 0.001), an increase in burning sensations (p < 0.001), and dry mouth (p < 0.001) compared to the subjects who wore partial dentures with Co–Cr metallic frameworks. Red oral lesions were more frequently found among the subjects with partial dentures with Co–Cr metallic frameworks (p < 0.001). Regardless of the material used for the denture, patients must be regularly checked by their dentists in order to prevent the development of oral lesions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Candida species; oral colonization; oral lesions; prosthetic appliances; salivary flow rate Candida species; oral colonization; oral lesions; prosthetic appliances; salivary flow rate
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kinkela Devcic, M.; Simonic-Kocijan, S.; Prpic, J.; Paskovic, I.; Cabov, T.; Kovac, Z.; Glazar, I. Oral Candidal Colonization in Patients with Different Prosthetic Appliances. J. Fungi 2021, 7, 662. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7080662

AMA Style

Kinkela Devcic M, Simonic-Kocijan S, Prpic J, Paskovic I, Cabov T, Kovac Z, Glazar I. Oral Candidal Colonization in Patients with Different Prosthetic Appliances. Journal of Fungi. 2021; 7(8):662. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7080662

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kinkela Devcic, Maja, Suncana Simonic-Kocijan, Jelena Prpic, Igor Paskovic, Tomislav Cabov, Zoran Kovac, and Irena Glazar. 2021. "Oral Candidal Colonization in Patients with Different Prosthetic Appliances" Journal of Fungi 7, no. 8: 662. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7080662

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