Oral infections caused by Candida species
are becoming more common, which may be related to an increase in the number of immunologically compromised patients as well as favorable conditions in the oral cavity that often include removable prosthetic appliances. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of a particular Candida species
in patients with PMMA and Cr-Co prosthetic appliances, as well as the salivary flow rate, and oral signs and symptoms. This investigation included a total of 120 subjects with different kinds of removable dentures. A sample of concentrated oral rinse was collected from all subjects in order to detect Candida
colonization and identify the Candida
species, a quantum of salivation was measured, and subjects were examined clinically. Candida
spp. was predominant among the subjects who were denture wearers (p
< 0.0001). In all subjects, the most frequently detected species was C.albicans
. A statistically significant difference was found between the prevalence of C.albicans
< 0.001) and C.krusei
< 0.001) in denture wearers. Subjects with PMMA-based removable prosthetic appliances mostly demonstrated a significant decrease in salivation (p
< 0.001), an increase in burning sensations (p
< 0.001), and dry mouth (p
< 0.001) compared to the subjects who wore partial dentures with Co–Cr metallic frameworks. Red oral lesions were more frequently found among the subjects with partial dentures with Co–Cr metallic frameworks (p
< 0.001). Regardless of the material used for the denture, patients must be regularly checked by their dentists in order to prevent the development of oral lesions.
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