Next Article in Journal
Long-Term Mortality after Histoplasma Infection in People with HIV
Next Article in Special Issue
The Vacuolar Morphogenesis Protein Vam6-Like Protein Vlp1 Is Required for Pathogenicity of Cryptococcus neoformans
Previous Article in Journal
Transcriptional Analysis of Coccidioides immitis Mycelia and Spherules by RNA Sequencing
Previous Article in Special Issue
Genotype, Antifungal Susceptibility, and Virulence of Clinical South African Cryptococcus neoformans Strains from National Surveillance, 2005–2009
 
 
Review

The Consequences of Our Changing Environment on Life Threatening and Debilitating Fungal Diseases in Humans

Manchester Fungal Infection Group, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Johanna Rhodes
J. Fungi 2021, 7(5), 367; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7050367
Received: 13 April 2021 / Revised: 30 April 2021 / Accepted: 4 May 2021 / Published: 7 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fungal Pathogens and Human Health)
Human activities have significantly impacted the environment and are changing our climate in ways that will have major consequences for ourselves, and endanger animal, plant and microbial life on Earth. Rising global temperatures and pollution have been highlighted as potential drivers for increases in infectious diseases. Although infrequently highlighted, fungi are amongst the leading causes of infectious disease mortality, resulting in more than 1.5 million deaths every year. In this review we evaluate the evidence linking anthropomorphic impacts with changing epidemiology of fungal disease. We highlight how the geographic footprint of endemic mycosis has expanded, how populations susceptible to fungal infection and fungal allergy may increase and how climate change may select for pathogenic traits and indirectly contribute to the emergence of drug resistance. View Full-Text
Keywords: fungal disease; climate change; global warming; fungal pathogens; Aspergillus; Candida; Cryptococcus; endemic mycoses fungal disease; climate change; global warming; fungal pathogens; Aspergillus; Candida; Cryptococcus; endemic mycoses
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

van Rhijn, N.; Bromley, M. The Consequences of Our Changing Environment on Life Threatening and Debilitating Fungal Diseases in Humans. J. Fungi 2021, 7, 367. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7050367

AMA Style

van Rhijn N, Bromley M. The Consequences of Our Changing Environment on Life Threatening and Debilitating Fungal Diseases in Humans. Journal of Fungi. 2021; 7(5):367. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7050367

Chicago/Turabian Style

van Rhijn, Norman, and Michael Bromley. 2021. "The Consequences of Our Changing Environment on Life Threatening and Debilitating Fungal Diseases in Humans" Journal of Fungi 7, no. 5: 367. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7050367

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop