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Brief Report

Emergence of Candida auris in Brazil in a COVID-19 Intensive Care Unit

1
Laboratório Especial de Micologia, Disciplina de Infectologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo 04039-032, Brazil
2
Divisão de Laboratório Central, Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo 01246-100, Brazil
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Instituto de Medicina Tropical, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo 01246-100, Brazil
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Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute, 3508AD Utrecht, The Netherlands
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Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, 3584CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
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Comissão de Controle de Infecção Hospitalar, Hospital de Bahia, Salvador 41810-011, Brazil
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Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública Professor Gonçalo Muniz, Salvador 40295-010, Brazil
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Centro de Informações Estratégicas de Vigilância em Saúde, Salvador 40279-120, Brazil
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Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária, Brasília 71205-050, Brazil
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Coordenação Geral de Laboratórios de Saúde Pública, Ministério da Saúde, Brasília 70058-900, Brazil
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Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Canisius Wilhelmina Hospital (CWZ), 6532SZ Nijmegen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Anuradha Chowdhary and Jacques F. Meis
J. Fungi 2021, 7(3), 220; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7030220
Received: 24 February 2021 / Revised: 9 March 2021 / Accepted: 13 March 2021 / Published: 17 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Candida auris 2.0)
In December 2020, Candida auris emerged in Brazil in the city of Salvador. The first two C. auris colonized patients were in the same COVID-19 intensive care unit. Antifungal susceptibility testing showed low minimal inhibitory concentrations of 1 µg/mL, 2 µg/mL, 0.03 µg/L, and 0.06 µg/mL for amphotericin B, fluconazole, voriconazole, and anidulafungin, respectively. Microsatellite typing revealed that the strains are clonal and belong to the South Asian clade C. auris. The travel restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic and the absence of travel history among the colonized patients lead to the hypothesis that this species was introduced several months before the recognition of the first case and/or emerged locally in the coastline Salvador area. View Full-Text
Keywords: Candida auris; COVID-19; intensive care; Brazil Candida auris; COVID-19; intensive care; Brazil
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MDPI and ACS Style

de Almeida, J.N., Jr.; Francisco, E.C.; Hagen, F.; Brandão, I.B.; Pereira, F.M.; Presta Dias, P.H.; de Miranda Costa, M.M.; de Souza Jordão, R.T.; de Groot, T.; Colombo, A.L. Emergence of Candida auris in Brazil in a COVID-19 Intensive Care Unit. J. Fungi 2021, 7, 220. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7030220

AMA Style

de Almeida JN Jr., Francisco EC, Hagen F, Brandão IB, Pereira FM, Presta Dias PH, de Miranda Costa MM, de Souza Jordão RT, de Groot T, Colombo AL. Emergence of Candida auris in Brazil in a COVID-19 Intensive Care Unit. Journal of Fungi. 2021; 7(3):220. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7030220

Chicago/Turabian Style

de Almeida, João N., Jr., Elaine C. Francisco, Ferry Hagen, Igor B. Brandão, Felicidade M. Pereira, Pedro H. Presta Dias, Magda M. de Miranda Costa, Regiane T. de Souza Jordão, Theun de Groot, and Arnaldo L. Colombo 2021. "Emergence of Candida auris in Brazil in a COVID-19 Intensive Care Unit" Journal of Fungi 7, no. 3: 220. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7030220

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