Treating fungal infections in the central nervous system (CNS) remains a challenge despite the availability of new antifungal agents. Therapy is limited by poor understanding of the kinetic properties of antifungal drugs in the CNS compounded by lack of data for many agents. In some cases, clinical response rates do not correspond to data on drug concentrations in the cerebral spinal fluid and/or brain parenchyma. In order to better characterize the use of antifungal agents in treating CNS infections, a review of the essential principles of neuroPK are reviewed. Specific data regarding antifungal drug concentrations in the cerebral spinal fluid and brain tissue are described from human data where available. Alternative dosing regimens and the role of antifungal drug concentration monitoring in treating fungal infections in the CNS are also discussed. Having a better understanding of these key concepts will help guide clinicians in determining the best treatment courses for patients with these devastating infections.
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