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J. Fungi 2018, 4(4), 138; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof4040138

From the Clinical Mycology Laboratory: New Species and Changes in Fungal Taxonomy and Nomenclature

Fungus Testing Laboratory, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA
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Received: 29 October 2018 / Revised: 12 December 2018 / Accepted: 13 December 2018 / Published: 16 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fungal Infections in Immunocompromised Hosts)
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Abstract

Fungal taxonomy is the branch of mycology by which we classify and group fungi based on similarities or differences. Historically, this was done by morphologic characteristics and other phenotypic traits. However, with the advent of the molecular age in mycology, phylogenetic analysis based on DNA sequences has replaced these classic means for grouping related species. This, along with the abandonment of the dual nomenclature system, has led to a marked increase in the number of new species and reclassification of known species. Although these evaluations and changes are necessary to move the field forward, there is concern among medical mycologists that the rapidity by which fungal nomenclature is changing could cause confusion in the clinical literature. Thus, there is a proposal to allow medical mycologists to adopt changes in taxonomy and nomenclature at a slower pace. In this review, changes in the taxonomy and nomenclature of medically relevant fungi will be discussed along with the impact this may have on clinicians and patient care. Specific examples of changes and current controversies will also be given. View Full-Text
Keywords: taxonomy; fungal nomenclature; phylogenetics; species complex taxonomy; fungal nomenclature; phylogenetics; species complex
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wiederhold, N.P.; Gibas, C.F.C. From the Clinical Mycology Laboratory: New Species and Changes in Fungal Taxonomy and Nomenclature. J. Fungi 2018, 4, 138.

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