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Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding Rabies in El Jadida Region, Morocco

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Provincial Veterinary Service of El Jadida, National Food Safety Office, ONSSA, El Jadida 24000, Morocco
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Nutritional Physiopathology and Toxicology Team, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida 24000, Morocco
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Department of Pathology and Veterinary Public Health, Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine Hassan II, BP 6202, Rabat-Instituts, Rabat 10000, Morocco
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Private Veterinarian, El Jadida 24000, Morocco
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Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Abuja 900001, Nigeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vet. Sci. 2020, 7(1), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci7010029
Received: 25 December 2019 / Revised: 17 January 2020 / Accepted: 6 February 2020 / Published: 1 March 2020
The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding rabies in the El Jadida region, Morocco. We conducted a cross-sectional survey using a structured questionnaire among randomly selected residents across 24 study sites. In total, 407 respondents took part in the survey. The majority (367, 92%) were male and had no formal education (270, 66%). Some (118, 29%) believed that rabies does not affect humans. Most respondents (320, 79%) were aware that vaccination could prevent rabies, but nevertheless did not vaccinate their dogs (264, 64.9%) and allowed their dogs to roam freely in search of food. Some (52.8%) would visit traditional healers for treatment in the event of a dog bite incident. Age and educational level were found to be significantly associated with knowledge, attitudes, and practices (p < 0.05). Although respondents demonstrated some level of knowledge about rabies, overall this study reveals critical gaps in their attitudes and practices. These shortcomings may be associated with a low level of education. Therefore, decision-makers need a new approach to control rabies, with a special focus on public awareness and health education, in order to sustain rabies control programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: rabies; knowledge; attitude; practice; El Jadida; Morocco rabies; knowledge; attitude; practice; El Jadida; Morocco
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Bouaddi, K.; Bitar, A.; Bouslikhane, M.; Ferssiwi, A.; Fitani, A.; Mshelbwala, P.P. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding Rabies in El Jadida Region, Morocco. Vet. Sci. 2020, 7, 29.

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