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Detection and Molecular Characterization of a Natural Coinfection of Marek’s Disease Virus and Reticuloendotheliosis Virus in Brazilian Backyard Chicken Flock

Department of Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of São Paulo, Av. Prof. Orlando M. Paiva, 87, CEP 05508-270 São Paulo, Brazil
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Vet. Sci. 2019, 6(4), 92; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci6040092
Received: 12 October 2019 / Revised: 14 November 2019 / Accepted: 15 November 2019 / Published: 20 November 2019
Marek’s disease virus (MDV) and the reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) are two of the primary oncogenic viruses that significantly affect chickens. In Brazil, there have been no previous published reports on the presence of field REV alone or in coinfection. This retrospective study analyzes samples from a case of lymphoproliferative lesions from a backyard chicken flock. MDV and REV were detected by PCR and classified as MDV1 and REV3, respectively, through sequencing and phylogenetic analysis based on the glycoprotein B (gB) genes for MDV and the polymerase (pol) and envelope (env) genes for REV. Real-time PCR reactions were performed for MDV to rule out the presence of the Rispens vaccine strain. This is the first report of the presence of REV in coinfection with a MDV clinical case in Brazil and the first molecular characterization of REV in South America. This study highlights the importance of molecular diagnosis for REV and MDV in poultry. In addition, this study highlights the distribution of these two viruses worldwide and the latent risk of them solely or in coinfection to this part of the world. View Full-Text
Keywords: Marek’s disease virus (MDV); reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV); molecular characterization; sequencing; phylogenetic analysis Marek’s disease virus (MDV); reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV); molecular characterization; sequencing; phylogenetic analysis
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Chacón, R.D.; Astolfi-Ferreira, C.S.; Guimarães, M.B.; Torres, L.N.; De la Torre, D.I.; Sá, L.R.M.; Piantino Ferreira, A.J. Detection and Molecular Characterization of a Natural Coinfection of Marek’s Disease Virus and Reticuloendotheliosis Virus in Brazilian Backyard Chicken Flock. Vet. Sci. 2019, 6, 92.

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