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Endoparasites of Domesticated Animals That Originated in the Neo-Tropics (New World Tropics)

1
The Department of Basic Veterinary Sciences (DBVS), School of Veterinary Medicine (SVM), Faculty of Medical Sciences (FMS), The University of the West Indies (UWI), Mt. Hope, Trinidad and Tobago
2
The Open Tropical Forage-Animal Production Laboratory (OTF-APL), Department of Food Production (DFP), Faculty of Food and Agriculture (FFA), The University of the West Indies (UWI), St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vet. Sci. 2019, 6(1), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci6010024
Received: 14 February 2019 / Revised: 19 February 2019 / Accepted: 28 February 2019 / Published: 6 March 2019
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PDF [250 KB, uploaded 6 March 2019]

Abstract

This review serves to summarize parasites found in Domesticated animals which were found in the Neo-Tropics. Indigenous domesticated Neo-tropical animals include South American camelids, (Lama gunacoa, Lama glama, Lama pacos, Vicuna vicuna), guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus), chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera), turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) and ducks (Cairina moschata, Anas platyrhynchos, Dendrocyga autumnalis). These animals were chosen due to their origin of existence (Neo-tropics) and over time these animals became domesticated and were distributed throughout the world. Over eighty (80) references were collected for this review and the papers spanned over eighty (80) years from 1934 to 2018. The gastrointestinal parasites reported for each animal were tabulated and their effects in the animal noted. Parasites reported in domesticated Neo-tropical animals had little to no effect on wild and free ranging animals with a few cases of illness and decreased productivity. The majority of articles viewed these animals as reservoir host which can infect humans and other domesticated livestock. It must also be noted that research done in the past did not focus on the effect these parasites had on these animals but only observed their potential as reservoirs for parasitic diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cavia porcellus; Meleagris gallopavo; Chinchilla lanigera; South American camelids; Carina moschata; Anas platyrhynchos; Dendrocyga autumnalis Cavia porcellus; Meleagris gallopavo; Chinchilla lanigera; South American camelids; Carina moschata; Anas platyrhynchos; Dendrocyga autumnalis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Jones, K.R.; Garcia, G.W. Endoparasites of Domesticated Animals That Originated in the Neo-Tropics (New World Tropics). Vet. Sci. 2019, 6, 24.

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