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Vet. Sci. 2018, 5(1), 23;

Avian Respiratory Coinfection and Impact on Avian Influenza Pathogenicity in Domestic Poultry: Field and Experimental Findings

1,* and 1,2,3,*
Reference Laboratory for Veterinary Quality Control on Poultry Production, Animal Health Research Institute, Dokki, Giza 12618, Egypt
Zoonosis Science Centre, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, Box 582, 751 21 Uppsala, Sweden
Infectious Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 December 2017 / Revised: 21 February 2018 / Accepted: 22 February 2018 / Published: 24 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Human and Animal Influenzas: A Shared Public Health Concern)
Full-Text   |   PDF [238 KB, uploaded 26 February 2018]


The avian respiratory system hosts a wide range of commensal and potential pathogenic bacteria and/or viruses that interact with each other. Such interactions could be either synergistic or antagonistic, which subsequently determines the severity of the disease complex. The intensive rearing methods of poultry are responsible for the marked increase in avian respiratory diseases worldwide. The interaction between avian influenza with other pathogens can guarantee the continuous existence of other avian pathogens, which represents a global concern. A better understanding of the impact of the interaction between avian influenza virus and other avian respiratory pathogens provides a better insight into the respiratory disease complex in poultry and can lead to improved intervention strategies aimed at controlling virus spread. View Full-Text
Keywords: co-infection; avian influenza; poultry; secondary infection co-infection; avian influenza; poultry; secondary infection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Samy, A.; Naguib, M.M. Avian Respiratory Coinfection and Impact on Avian Influenza Pathogenicity in Domestic Poultry: Field and Experimental Findings. Vet. Sci. 2018, 5, 23.

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