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Open AccessArticle

Foodborne Norovirus State of Affairs in the EU Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed

Laboratory of Animal Food Products Hygiene-Veterinary Public Health, Department of Hygiene and Technology of Food of Animal Origin, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
Vet. Sci. 2017, 4(4), 61;
Received: 27 October 2017 / Revised: 18 November 2017 / Accepted: 21 November 2017 / Published: 25 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food and Waterborne Infections in Animals and Humans)
The European Union Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (EU RASFF) database is an invaluable instrument for analyzing notifications involving norovirus in food. The aim of this work was to carry out a thorough research of the alert and border rejection notifications submitted in the RASFF database from its onset until 31 August 2017. Some conclusions of interest were: (i) Denmark, France, Italy, the Netherlands and Norway have contributed the majority of alert notifications as notifying countries, (ii) France and Serbia have been cited more often in alert notifications as countries of origin, (iii) Italy and Spain have submitted the majority of border rejection notifications, (iv) Third Countries implicated more frequently in border rejection notifications for norovirus in bivalve molluscs were Vietnam and Tunisia, whereas in fruits and vegetables were China and Serbia, (v) “risk dispersion” from norovirus-contaminated food was narrow since, in just over half of all alert notifications and all of the border rejection notifications, only up to three countries were involved, and (vi) both raw (oysters and berries) and cooked (mussels) food products can present a health risk to consumers. The information retrieved from the RASFF database on norovirus-contaminated food could prove helpful in the planning of future norovirus risk analysis endeavors. View Full-Text
Keywords: norovirus; RASFF; FVO; INFOSAN; bivalve molluscs; fruits and vegetables norovirus; RASFF; FVO; INFOSAN; bivalve molluscs; fruits and vegetables
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Papapanagiotou, E.P. Foodborne Norovirus State of Affairs in the EU Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed. Vet. Sci. 2017, 4, 61.

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