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Open AccessConcept Paper

A Transformative Concept: From Data Being Passive Objects to Data Being Active Subjects

1
Department of Ocean, Earth, and Atmospheric Science, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
2
Mitigation and Adaptation Research Institute, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
3
Engineering, Management and System Engineering, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
4
Tiwah UG, 53547 Rossbach, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Data 2019, 4(4), 135; https://doi.org/10.3390/data4040135
Received: 28 July 2019 / Revised: 29 September 2019 / Accepted: 29 September 2019 / Published: 2 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Earth Observation Data Cubes)
The exploitation of potential societal benefits of Earth observations is hampered by users having to engage in often tedious processes to discover data and extract information and knowledge. A concept is introduced for a transition from the current perception of data as passive objects (DPO) to a new perception of data as active subjects (DAS). This transition would greatly increase data usage and exploitation, and support the extraction of knowledge from data products. Enabling the data subjects to actively reach out to potential users would revolutionize data dissemination and sharing and facilitate collaboration in user communities. The three core elements of the transformative DAS concept are: (1) “intelligent semantic data agents” (ISDAs) that have the capabilities to communicate with their human and digital environment. Each ISDA provides a voice to the data product it represents. It has comprehensive knowledge of the represented product including quality, uncertainties, access conditions, previous uses, user feedbacks, etc., and it can engage in transactions with users. (2) A knowledge base that constructs extensive graphs presenting a comprehensive picture of communities of people, applications, models, tools, and resources and provides tools for the analysis of these graphs. (3) An interaction platform that links the ISDAs to the human environment and facilitates transaction including discovery of products, access to products and derived knowledge, modifications and use of products, and the exchange of feedback on the usage. This platform documents the transactions in a secure way maintaining full provenance.
Keywords: data discovery; metadata; knowledge base; graph data; intelligent semantic agents data discovery; metadata; knowledge base; graph data; intelligent semantic agents
MDPI and ACS Style

Plag, H.-P.; Jules-Plag, S.-A. A Transformative Concept: From Data Being Passive Objects to Data Being Active Subjects. Data 2019, 4, 135.

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