Next Article in Journal
Interactive Data Framework and User Interface for Wisconsin’s Oversize-Overweight Vehicle Permits
Previous Article in Journal
Improving the Efficiency of the ERS Data Analysis Techniques by Taking into Account the Neighborhood Descriptors
Article

UAT ADS-B Data Anomalies and the Effect of Flight Parameters on Dropout Occurrences

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 April 2018 / Revised: 23 May 2018 / Accepted: 5 June 2018 / Published: 8 June 2018
An analysis of the performance of automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) data received from the Grand Forks, North Dakota International Airport was carried out in this study. The purpose was to understand the vulnerabilities of the universal access transceiver (UAT) ADS-B system and recognize the effects on present and future air traffic control (ATC) operation. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) mandated all the general aviation aircraft to be equipped with ADS-B. The aircraft flying within United States and below the transition altitude (18,000 feet) are more likely to install a UAT ADS-B. At present, unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) and autonomous air traffic control (ATC) towers are being integrated into the aviation industry and UAT ADS-B is a basic sensor for both class 1 and class 2 detect-and-avoid (DAA) systems. As a fundamental component of future surveillance systems, the anomalies and vulnerabilities of the ADS-B system need to be identified to enable a fully-utilized airspace with enhanced situational awareness. The data received was archived in GDL-90 format, which was parsed into readable data. The anomaly detection of ADS-B messages was based on the FAA ADS-B performance assessment report. The data investigation revealed ADS-B message suffered from different anomalies including dropout, missing payload, data jump, low confidence data, and altitude discrepancy. Among those studied, the most severe was dropout and 32.49% of messages suffered from this anomaly. Dropout is an incident where ADS-B failed to update within a specified rate. Considering the potential danger being imposed, an in-depth analysis was carried out to characterize message dropout. Three flight parameters were selected to investigate their effect on dropout. Statistical analysis was carried out and the Friedman Statistical Test identified that altitude affected dropout more than any other flight parameter. View Full-Text
Keywords: UAT ADS-B; GDL-90; anomalies; dropout; Friedman test UAT ADS-B; GDL-90; anomalies; dropout; Friedman test
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Tabassum, A.; Semke, W. UAT ADS-B Data Anomalies and the Effect of Flight Parameters on Dropout Occurrences. Data 2018, 3, 19. https://doi.org/10.3390/data3020019

AMA Style

Tabassum A, Semke W. UAT ADS-B Data Anomalies and the Effect of Flight Parameters on Dropout Occurrences. Data. 2018; 3(2):19. https://doi.org/10.3390/data3020019

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tabassum, Asma, and William Semke. 2018. "UAT ADS-B Data Anomalies and the Effect of Flight Parameters on Dropout Occurrences" Data 3, no. 2: 19. https://doi.org/10.3390/data3020019

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop