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An Overview on Biogenic Amines in Wine

Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l’analisi dell’economia agraria-Viticoltura ed Enologia, via P. Micca 35, 14100 Asti, Italy
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Beverages 2019, 5(1), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages5010019
Received: 30 December 2018 / Revised: 30 January 2019 / Accepted: 12 February 2019 / Published: 1 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbiological Safety of Beverages)
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Abstract

Biogenic amines (BAs) are low molecular weight compounds formed from precursor amino acids, mainly by microbial decarboxylation. The presence of these compounds is important in the food and beverage industry because, in high amounts, they can lead to negative effects on consumers. In this review, we illustrate the critical aspects needed to control the formation of BAs during winemaking and their presence in the final product. Recent biotechnological approaches related to microorganisms and their ability to reduce BAs are illustrated. The current methods used for BA detection and quantification are also presented. These methods are very important to consider, as BAs can serve as markers for the quality assessment of products. The information presented here offers an overview useful for identifying specific parameters and conditions which should be controlled to minimise BA content in wine; knowledge about BAs in foods and beverages has been accumulating in recent years, not only to ensure and improve quality (since BAs have been used as an indicator of spoilage) but especially to guarantee consumer safety due to the potential toxic effects of BAs on humans. View Full-Text
Keywords: biogenic amines; wine; detection; control; microorganisms biogenic amines; wine; detection; control; microorganisms
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Costantini, A.; Vaudano, E.; Pulcini, L.; Carafa, T.; Garcia-Moruno, E. An Overview on Biogenic Amines in Wine. Beverages 2019, 5, 19.

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