Case Study: Comparative Analysis of Hydrologic Simulations with Areal-Averaging of Moving Rainfall
AbstractThe goal of this investigation is to compare the hydrologic simulations caused by the areal-averaging of dynamic moving rainfall. Two types of synthetic rainfall are developed: spatially varied rainfall (SVR) is the typical input to a distributed model while temporally varied rainfall (TVR) emulates SVR but is spread uniformly over the entire watershed as in the case of a lumped model. This study demonstrates a direct comparison of peak discharge and peak timing generated by synthetic moving storms over idealized rectangular basins and a real watershed. It is found that the difference between the hydrologic responses from SVR and TVR reflects the impact from the areal-averaging of rainfall; the areal-averaging of rainfall for the movement from upstream to downstream over a lumped model can result in underestimated and delayed peak values in comparison to those from a distributed model; the flood peaks from SVR and TVR are found similar when the storm moves from downstream to upstream. The findings of the study suggest that extra cautions are needed for practitioners when evaluating simulated results from distributed and lumped modeling approaches even using the same rainfall information. View Full-Text
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Fang, Z.N.; Shultz, M.J.; Wienhold, K.J.; Zhang, J.; Gao, S. Case Study: Comparative Analysis of Hydrologic Simulations with Areal-Averaging of Moving Rainfall. Hydrology 2019, 6, 12.
Fang ZN, Shultz MJ, Wienhold KJ, Zhang J, Gao S. Case Study: Comparative Analysis of Hydrologic Simulations with Areal-Averaging of Moving Rainfall. Hydrology. 2019; 6(1):12.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fang, Zheng N.; Shultz, Michael J.; Wienhold, Kevin J.; Zhang, Jiaqi; Gao, Shang. 2019. "Case Study: Comparative Analysis of Hydrologic Simulations with Areal-Averaging of Moving Rainfall." Hydrology 6, no. 1: 12.
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