Characterization of Water Level Variability of the Main Ethiopian Rift Valley Lakes
AbstractIn this paper, the water level fluctuations of eight Ethiopian Rift Valley lakes were analyzed for their hydrological stability in terms of water level dynamics and their controlling factors. Long-term water balances and morphological nature of the lakes were used as bases for the analyses. Pettit’s homogeneity test and Mann–Kendall trend analysis were applied to test temporal variations of the lake levels. It is found that the hydrological stability of most of the Ethiopian Rift Valley lakes is sensitive to climate variability. In terms of monotonic trends, Lake Ziway, Hawassa, Abaya and Beseka experienced significant increasing trend, while Ziway, Langano and Chamo do not. In addition, homogeneity test revealed that Lake Hawassa and Abaya showed significant upward shift around 1991/1992, which was likely caused by climate anomalies such as the El Niño / Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomena. Lake Abiyata is depicted by its significant decreasing monotonic trend and downward regime shift around 1984/1985, which is likely related to the extended water abstraction for industrial consumption. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Belete, M.D.; Diekkrüger, B.; Roehrig, J. Characterization of Water Level Variability of the Main Ethiopian Rift Valley Lakes. Hydrology 2016, 3, 1.
Belete MD, Diekkrüger B, Roehrig J. Characterization of Water Level Variability of the Main Ethiopian Rift Valley Lakes. Hydrology. 2016; 3(1):1.Chicago/Turabian Style
Belete, Mulugeta D.; Diekkrüger, Bernd; Roehrig, Jackson. 2016. "Characterization of Water Level Variability of the Main Ethiopian Rift Valley Lakes." Hydrology 3, no. 1: 1.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.