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Synthesis of Chalcone Using LDH/Graphene Nanocatalysts of Different Compositions

1
Chemical Engineering Dep., University Rovira i Virgili, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
2
ICGM, Univ. Montpellier, CNRS, ENSCM, 240 Avenue du Professeur Emile Jeanbrau, 34296 Montpellier CEDEX 5, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, 12 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA, UK.
ChemEngineering 2019, 3(1), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemengineering3010029
Received: 19 January 2019 / Revised: 27 February 2019 / Accepted: 6 March 2019 / Published: 9 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Applications of Layered Double Hydroxides)
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Abstract

Layered double hydroxides (LDH) or their derived mixed oxides present marked acid-base properties useful in catalysis, but they are generally agglomerated, inducing weak accessibility to the active sites. In the search for improving dispersion and accessibility of the active sites and for controlling the hydrophilic/hydrophobic balance in the catalysts, nanocomposite materials appear among the most attractive. In this study, a series of nanocomposites composed of LDH and reduced graphene oxide (rGO), were successfully obtained by direct coprecipitation and investigated as base catalysts for the Claisen–Schmidt condensation reaction between acetophenone and benzaldehyde. After activation, the LDH-rGO nanocomposites exhibited improved catalytic properties compared to bare LDH. Moreover, they reveal great versatility to tune the selectivity through their composition and the nature or the absence of solvent. This is due to the enhanced basicity of the nanocomposites as the LDH content increases which is assigned to the higher dispersion of the nanoplatelets in comparison to bulk LDH. Lewis-type basic sites of higher strength and accessibility are thus created. The nature of the solvent mainly acts through its acidity able to poison the basic sites of the nanocatalysts. View Full-Text
Keywords: Claisen–Schmidt condensation; reduced graphene oxide; layered double hydroxide; hydrotalcite; base catalysts; nanocomposites Claisen–Schmidt condensation; reduced graphene oxide; layered double hydroxide; hydrotalcite; base catalysts; nanocomposites
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Álvarez, M.G.; Crivoi, D.G.; Medina, F.; Tichit, D. Synthesis of Chalcone Using LDH/Graphene Nanocatalysts of Different Compositions. ChemEngineering 2019, 3, 29.

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