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A Comparative Study of Ultrasound Biodiesel Production Using Different Homogeneous Catalysts

Department of Chemical Engineering, Laval University, Quebec, QC G1 V 0 A6, Canada
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ChemEngineering 2019, 3(1), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemengineering3010018
Received: 30 December 2018 / Revised: 24 January 2019 / Accepted: 1 February 2019 / Published: 11 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Bio-Fuels Production)
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Abstract

Biodiesel (BD) is a liquid fuel that consists of mono alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oil or fat. Recently, biodiesel has received additional attention and intense research has been performed in this field due to its favorable atmospheric CO2 balance compared with conventional fossil fuels (net energy balance of 3.0–4.0 MJ/MJ). In this work, a comparison of transesterification of Canola oil with methanol under ultrasound and under mechanical stirring is reported. The general aspects of the ultrasound transesterification process and a comparative study of different types of homogeneous catalysts (NaOH, KOH, CH3ONa, tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide and four guanidines) are described. Special attention is given to ultrasound transesterification reaction using guanidines as catalysts. View Full-Text
Keywords: ultrasound; transesterification; canola oil; FAME; guanidine ultrasound; transesterification; canola oil; FAME; guanidine
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Shinde, K.; Kaliaguine, S. A Comparative Study of Ultrasound Biodiesel Production Using Different Homogeneous Catalysts. ChemEngineering 2019, 3, 18.

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