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Thermodynamic Assessment of the Suitability of the Limiting Selectivity to Screen Ionic Liquid Entrainers for Homogeneous Extractive Distillation Processes

Department of Chemical, Paper and Biomedical Engineering, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
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ChemEngineering 2018, 2(4), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemengineering2040054
Received: 2 October 2018 / Revised: 1 November 2018 / Accepted: 6 November 2018 / Published: 9 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Progress in Thermal Process Engineering)
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Abstract

As a result of their high tuneability and low volatility, room temperature ionic liquids have been proposed as replacement solvents in a wide range of industrial applications. They are particularly well-suited for use as an entrainer (or solvent) in extractive distillation processes to separate close boiling and azeotropic mixtures. The limiting selectivity is a common, fundamental parameter used to screen and rank entrainer candidates. In the present study, we present a detailed thermodynamic analysis to understand the basis for its use along with the necessary, underlying assumptions. We find that, while for many cases the limiting selectivity can correctly rank ionic liquid entrainer candidates for homogeneous extractive distillation processes, it is not always able to capture the correct phase behavior. We, instead, recommend the use of composition dependent activity coefficients. View Full-Text
Keywords: phase equilibrium; extractive distillation; entrainer; azeotrope; ionic liquid; limiting activity coefficient phase equilibrium; extractive distillation; entrainer; azeotrope; ionic liquid; limiting activity coefficient
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Paluch, A.S.; Dhakal, P. Thermodynamic Assessment of the Suitability of the Limiting Selectivity to Screen Ionic Liquid Entrainers for Homogeneous Extractive Distillation Processes. ChemEngineering 2018, 2, 54.

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