Next Article in Journal
Pomegranate Juice Extract Decreases Cisplatin Toxicity on Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells
Next Article in Special Issue
Auricular Acupuncture for Preoperative Anxiety—Protocol of Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Quantification of the Ability of Natural Products to Prevent Herpes Virus Infection
Review

Effects of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Health: A Narrative Review

Hamasaki Clinic, 2-21-4 Nishida, Kagoshima, Kagoshima 890-0046, Japan
Medicines 2020, 7(10), 65; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines7100065
Received: 30 August 2020 / Revised: 10 October 2020 / Accepted: 13 October 2020 / Published: 15 October 2020
Background: Breathing is an essential part of life. Diaphragmatic breathing (DB) is slow and deep breathing that affects the brain and the cardiovascular, respiratory, and gastrointestinal systems through the modulation of autonomic nervous functions. However, the effects of DB on human health need to be further investigated. Methods: The author conducted a PubMed search regarding the current evidence of the effect of DB on health. Results: This review consists of a total of 10 systematic reviews and 15 randomized controlled trials (RCTs). DB appears to be effective for improving the exercise capacity and respiratory function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although the effect of DB on the quality of life (QoL) of patients with asthma needs to be investigated, it may also help in reducing stress; treating eating disorders, chronic functional constipation, hypertension, migraine, and anxiety; and improving the QoL of patients with cancer and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and the cardiorespiratory fitness of patients with heart failure. Conclusions: Based on this narrative review, the exact usefulness of DB in clinical practice is unclear due to the poor quality of studies. However, it may be a feasible and practical treatment method for various disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: diaphragmatic breathing; abdominal breathing; breathing exercise; systematic review; randomized controlled trial; respiratory function diaphragmatic breathing; abdominal breathing; breathing exercise; systematic review; randomized controlled trial; respiratory function
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Hamasaki, H. Effects of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Health: A Narrative Review. Medicines 2020, 7, 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines7100065

AMA Style

Hamasaki H. Effects of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Health: A Narrative Review. Medicines. 2020; 7(10):65. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines7100065

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hamasaki, Hidetaka. 2020. "Effects of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Health: A Narrative Review" Medicines 7, no. 10: 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines7100065

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop