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Protocol

Auricular Acupuncture for Preoperative Anxiety—Protocol of Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

1
Institute of Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité University Medicine, 10117 Berlin, Germany
2
British Medical Acupuncture Society, London WC1N 3HR, UK
3
Department of Anesthesiology, University Medicine of Greifswald, 17475 Greifswald, Germany
4
Department of Anesthesia, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicines 2020, 7(12), 73; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines7120073
Received: 31 October 2020 / Revised: 20 November 2020 / Accepted: 24 November 2020 / Published: 26 November 2020
Background: Preoperative anxiety causes profound psychological and physiological reactions that may lead to a worse postoperative recovery, higher intensity of acute and persistent postsurgical pain and impaired quality of life in the postoperative period. Previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) suggest that auricular acupuncture (AA) is safe and effective in the treatment of preoperative anxiety; however there is a lack of systematic evidence on this topic. Therefore, this protocol was developed following the PRISMA guidelines to adequately evaluate the existing literature regarding the value of AA for the reduction in anxiety in patients in a preoperative setting, compared to other forms of acupuncture, pharmacological, or no control interventions and measured with questionnaires regarding anxiety and fear. Methods: The following databases will be searched: MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), ISI Web of Science, and Scopus Database. RCTs will be included if an abstract is available in English. Data collection and analysis will be conducted by two reviewers independently. Quality and risk assessment of included studies will be done using the Cochrane 5.1.0 handbook criteria and meta-analysis of effectiveness and symptom scores will be conducted using the statistical software RevMan V.5.3. Conclusions: This systematic review will evaluate the efficacy and safety of AA for preoperative anxiety. Since all data used in this systematic review and meta-analysis have been published, this review does not require ethical approval. The results may be published in a peer-reviewed journal or be presented in relevant conferences. Registration number: PROSPERO ID CRD42020. View Full-Text
Keywords: auricular acupuncture; preoperative anxiety; protocol; randomized controlled trials; systematic review; meta-analysis auricular acupuncture; preoperative anxiety; protocol; randomized controlled trials; systematic review; meta-analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dietzel, J.; Cummings, M.; Hua, K.; Hahnenkamp, K.; Brinkhaus, B.; Usichenko, T.I. Auricular Acupuncture for Preoperative Anxiety—Protocol of Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Medicines 2020, 7, 73. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines7120073

AMA Style

Dietzel J, Cummings M, Hua K, Hahnenkamp K, Brinkhaus B, Usichenko TI. Auricular Acupuncture for Preoperative Anxiety—Protocol of Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Medicines. 2020; 7(12):73. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines7120073

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dietzel, Joanna, Mike Cummings, Kevin Hua, Klaus Hahnenkamp, Benno Brinkhaus, and Taras I. Usichenko 2020. "Auricular Acupuncture for Preoperative Anxiety—Protocol of Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials" Medicines 7, no. 12: 73. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines7120073

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