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Article

Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil from Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr. from Guatemala

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Escuela de Química, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacia, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, EdificioT-12, Ciudad Universitaria, zona 12, Guatemala City 01012, Guatemala
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Escuela de Química Biológica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacia, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, EdificioT-11, Ciudad Universitaria, zona 12, Guatemala City 01012, Guatemala
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Instituto de Pesquisas de Produtos Naturais, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Bloco H, Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro CEP 21941-590, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicines 2020, 7(10), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines7100059
Received: 10 August 2020 / Revised: 13 September 2020 / Accepted: 15 September 2020 / Published: 23 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological Potential and Medical Use of Essential Oils)
Background:Pimenta dioica is a native tree of Central America, Southern Mexico, and the Caribbean used in traditional medicine. It grows in wet forests in the Guatemalan departments of Petén and Izabal. Since the plant is not being economically exploited in Guatemala, this study was aimed at determining the composition of the essential oil of P. dioica leaves and fruits and the antibacterial activity of the leaves in order to evaluate its possible use in health products. The essential oils of fruits and leaves are used as rubefacient, anti-inflammatory, carminative, antioxidant, and antiflatulent in different countries. Methods: Fruits and leaves of P. dioica from Izabal Department were collected in April 2014 and extracted by hydrodistillation method. The oils were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Results: Yields of 1.02 ± 0.11% for dried leaves and 1.51 ± 0.26% for fruits were obtained. Eugenol was the main component (65.9–71.4%). The leaf oil showed growth inhibition against two Gram-positive and two Gram-negative bacteria. Conclusions: The authors consider that the tree’s leaves can be evaluated as a source of ingredients for antiseptic products, and that it is important to evaluate other types of properties such as anti-inflammatory activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: eugenol; gas chromatography; mass spectrometry; traditional medicine eugenol; gas chromatography; mass spectrometry; traditional medicine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mérida-Reyes, M.S.; Muñoz-Wug, M.A.; Oliva-Hernández, B.E.; Gaitán-Fernández, I.C.; Simas, D.L.R.; Ribeiro da Silva, A.J.; Pérez-Sabino, J.F. Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil from Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr. from Guatemala. Medicines 2020, 7, 59. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines7100059

AMA Style

Mérida-Reyes MS, Muñoz-Wug MA, Oliva-Hernández BE, Gaitán-Fernández IC, Simas DLR, Ribeiro da Silva AJ, Pérez-Sabino JF. Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil from Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr. from Guatemala. Medicines. 2020; 7(10):59. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines7100059

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mérida-Reyes, Max S., Manuel A. Muñoz-Wug, Bessie E. Oliva-Hernández, Isabel C. Gaitán-Fernández, Daniel L.R. Simas, Antonio J. Ribeiro da Silva, and Juan F. Pérez-Sabino 2020. "Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil from Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr. from Guatemala" Medicines 7, no. 10: 59. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines7100059

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