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Current Status and Major Challenges to the Safety and Efficacy Presented by Chinese Herbal Medicine

NICM Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
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Medicines 2019, 6(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines6010014
Received: 19 December 2018 / Revised: 12 January 2019 / Accepted: 15 January 2019 / Published: 18 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Safety of Complementary Medicines)
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PDF [251 KB, uploaded 18 January 2019]

Abstract

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is not only used prevalently in Asian countries but has also gained a stable market globally. As a principal form of TCM, Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is comprised of treatments using multiple Chinese herbs which have complex chemical profiles. Due to a lack of understanding of its modality and a lack of standardization, there are significant challenges associated with regulating CHM’s safety for practice and understanding its mechanisms of efficacy. Currently, there are many issues that need to be overcome in regard to the safety and efficacy of CHM for the further development of evidence-based practices. There is a need to better understand the mechanisms behind the efficacy of CHM, and develop proper quality standards and regulations to ensure a similar safety standard as Western drugs. This paper outlines the status of CHM in terms of its safety and efficacy and attempts to provide approaches to address these issues. View Full-Text
Keywords: Traditional Chinese medicine; Chinese herbal medicine; safety; efficacy; herb–drug interaction; synergy; herbal formulae Traditional Chinese medicine; Chinese herbal medicine; safety; efficacy; herb–drug interaction; synergy; herbal formulae
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zhou, X.; Li, C.-G.; Chang, D.; Bensoussan, A. Current Status and Major Challenges to the Safety and Efficacy Presented by Chinese Herbal Medicine. Medicines 2019, 6, 14.

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