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Article

Factors Underlying Food Choice Motives in a Brazilian Sample: The Association with Socioeconomic Factors and Risk Perceptions about Chronic Diseases

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Laboratório Multidisciplinar em Alimentos e Saúde, Faculdade de Ciências Aplicadas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas—UNICAMP, R. Pedro Zaccaria, 1300, Limeira SP 13484-350, Brazil
2
GreenUPorto, DGAOT, Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, R. da Agrária, 747, 4485–646 Vila do Conde, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(8), 1114; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9081114
Received: 23 July 2020 / Revised: 5 August 2020 / Accepted: 10 August 2020 / Published: 13 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Individual Determinants of Food Choice in a New Decade)
This study aimed to evaluate the food choice motives in a sample in Brazil and to identify how socioeconomic characteristics and risk perceptions about chronic diseases and weight gain affect these motives. The Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) is an instrument to analyze the motivations for food choice. The FCQ was completed by 525 adult individuals in Brazil. The participants were asked about their perceived risk of gaining weight, developing diabetes, and hypertension. Confirmatory factor analysis led to the rejection of the original FCQ structure, and, after exploratory factor analysis, 30 items of the FCQ were maintained in eight factors: Nutritional Composition, Preparation Convenience, Purchase Convenience, Mood, Sensory Appeal, Health, Price, and Familiarity. Sensory Appeal and Familiarity were, respectively, the most and the least important factors involved in food choices in this sample. A high education level, high income, age, and female sex positively affected FCQ factors (except for the Price factor). On the basis of FCQ scores, we defined five clusters: Health Driven, Practicality Concerned, Shape Concerned, Food Concerned, and Cooking Enthusiasts. In general, individuals were optimistic regarding the risk of developing diabetes, hypertension, and gaining weight, especially those from the Shape Concerned cluster. The differences in food choice motives presented here reinforce the existence of different niches of food consumption. Different types of products can attract specific target groups at the time of choice. View Full-Text
Keywords: food choice; food consumption; Brazil; exploratory factor analysis; FCQ food choice; food consumption; Brazil; exploratory factor analysis; FCQ
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marsola, C.d.M.; Cunha, L.M.; Carvalho-Ferreira, J.P.d.; da Cunha, D.T. Factors Underlying Food Choice Motives in a Brazilian Sample: The Association with Socioeconomic Factors and Risk Perceptions about Chronic Diseases. Foods 2020, 9, 1114. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9081114

AMA Style

Marsola CdM, Cunha LM, Carvalho-Ferreira JPd, da Cunha DT. Factors Underlying Food Choice Motives in a Brazilian Sample: The Association with Socioeconomic Factors and Risk Perceptions about Chronic Diseases. Foods. 2020; 9(8):1114. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9081114

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marsola, Camila d.M.; Cunha, Luís M.; Carvalho-Ferreira, Joana P.d.; da Cunha, Diogo T. 2020. "Factors Underlying Food Choice Motives in a Brazilian Sample: The Association with Socioeconomic Factors and Risk Perceptions about Chronic Diseases" Foods 9, no. 8: 1114. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9081114

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