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Open AccessArticle

Meat Quality Parameters and Sensory Properties of One High-Performing and Two Local Chicken Breeds Fed with Vicia faba

1
Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, University of Goettingen, 37073 Goettingen, Germany
2
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Goettingen, 37075 Goettingen, Germany
3
Institute of Animal Nutrition, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
4
Institute of Farm Animal Genetics, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, 31535 Neustadt, Germany
5
Center for Integrated Breeding Research, University of Goettingen, 37075 Goettingen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(8), 1052; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9081052
Received: 17 July 2020 / Revised: 30 July 2020 / Accepted: 1 August 2020 / Published: 4 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sensory and Consumer Sciences)
The current practices of the poultry industry have raised concerns among consumers. Among these is the culling of day-old male chicks of laying hybrids; a suitable alternative for this could be the use of dual-purpose breeds where both sexes are used. Another practice that causes concern is the import of large quantities of soybeans for feedstuff production. Substitutes for these soybean-based products are regional protein crops, such as faba beans (Vicia faba L.; FBs). The objective of this study was to test the suitability of FB as a locally produced soybean meal replacement for two local dual-purpose chicken breeds and one high-performing layer line. The breast and leg meat of male Bresse Gauloise (BG), Vorwerkhuhn (VH), and White Rock (WR) animals was evaluated for different meat quality parameters: pH, color, water holding capacity, and tenderness. Sensory properties of the samples were evaluated by a trained panel with a conventional descriptive analysis. Results show different effects of FB diets on meat quality parameters in the different breeds. The attributes mostly affected by the diet are related to aroma, flavor, and texture, particularly in VH and WR. Overall, faba beans appear to be an acceptable dietary protein source for rearing these breeds for meat production. View Full-Text
Keywords: alternative protein source; Bresse Gauloise; chick culling; faba bean; fava bean; meat-type chicken; slow-growing; Vorwerkhuhn; White Rock alternative protein source; Bresse Gauloise; chick culling; faba bean; fava bean; meat-type chicken; slow-growing; Vorwerkhuhn; White Rock
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Escobedo del Bosque, C.I.; Altmann, B.A.; Ciulu, M.; Halle, I.; Jansen, S.; Nolte, T.; Weigend, S.; Mörlein, D. Meat Quality Parameters and Sensory Properties of One High-Performing and Two Local Chicken Breeds Fed with Vicia faba. Foods 2020, 9, 1052.

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