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Article

Liquid Chromatographic Determination of Biogenic Amines in Fish Based on Pyrene Sulfonyl Chloride Pre-Column Derivatization

Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimioupolis Zografou, 15771 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Present affiliation for E.S.P.: Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (H.C.M.R.), Mavro Lithari, 19013 Anavyssos, Attiki, Greece.
Present affiliation for N.C.M: Department of Pesticides Control and Phytopharmacy, Benaki Phytopathological Institute, 8 St. Delta str, 14561 Kifissia, Attica, Greece.
§
Present affiliation for N.C.M: Qualimetrix SA, 579 Mesogeion avenue, 15343 Agia Paraskevi, Attica, Greece.
Foods 2020, 9(5), 609; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050609
Received: 10 April 2020 / Revised: 30 April 2020 / Accepted: 3 May 2020 / Published: 9 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Food Analytical Methods)
Monitoring of biogenic amines in food is important for quality control, in terms of freshness evaluation and even more for food safety. A novel and cost-effective method was developed and validated for the determination of the main biogenic amines: histamine, putrescine, cadaverine, spermidine and spermine in fish tissues. The method includes extraction of amines with perchloric acid, pre-column derivatization with Pyrene Sulfonyl Chloride (PSCl), extraction of derivatives with toluene, back-dissolution in ACN after evaporation and determination by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography with UV and intramolecular excimer fluorescence detection. The structure of the pyrene-derivatives was confirmed by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization. The standard addition technique was applied for the quantitation due to significant matrix effect, while the use of 1,7-diaminoheptane as internal standard offered an additional confirmation tool for the identification of the analytes. Method repeatability expressed as %RSD ranged between 7.4–14% for the different amines and recovery ranged from 67% for histamine up to 114% for spermine. The limits of detection ranged between 0.1–1.4 mg kg−1 and the limits of quantification between 0.3–4.2 mg kg−1. The method was applied to canned fish samples and the concentrations of the individual biogenic amines were below the detection limit up to 40.1 mg kg−1, while their sum was within the range 4.1–49.6 mg kg−1. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioamines; polyamines; scombroid poisoning; seafood; dietary exposure; HPLC; pyrene probe; excimer fluorescence; intramolecular excitement bioamines; polyamines; scombroid poisoning; seafood; dietary exposure; HPLC; pyrene probe; excimer fluorescence; intramolecular excitement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Plakidi, E.S.; Maragou, N.C.; Dasenaki, M.E.; Megoulas, N.C.; Koupparis, M.A.; Thomaidis, N.S. Liquid Chromatographic Determination of Biogenic Amines in Fish Based on Pyrene Sulfonyl Chloride Pre-Column Derivatization. Foods 2020, 9, 609. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050609

AMA Style

Plakidi ES, Maragou NC, Dasenaki ME, Megoulas NC, Koupparis MA, Thomaidis NS. Liquid Chromatographic Determination of Biogenic Amines in Fish Based on Pyrene Sulfonyl Chloride Pre-Column Derivatization. Foods. 2020; 9(5):609. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050609

Chicago/Turabian Style

Plakidi, Elvira S., Niki C. Maragou, Marilena E. Dasenaki, Nikolaos C. Megoulas, Michael A. Koupparis, and Nikolaos S. Thomaidis. 2020. "Liquid Chromatographic Determination of Biogenic Amines in Fish Based on Pyrene Sulfonyl Chloride Pre-Column Derivatization" Foods 9, no. 5: 609. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050609

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