Next Article in Journal
Vitamin D3 in High-Quality Cow Milk: An Italian Case Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Effect of Packaging and Coating Technique on Postharvest Quality and Shelf Life of Raphanus sativus L. and Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Microgreens
Previous Article in Journal
Proximate Composition, Amino Acid Profile, and Oxidative Stability of Slow-Growing Indigenous Chickens Compared with Commercial Broiler Chickens
Previous Article in Special Issue
Setup of an Extraction Method for the Analysis of Carotenoids in Microgreens
Open AccessArticle

Accumulation of Agmatine, Spermidine, and Spermine in Sprouts and Microgreens of Alfalfa, Fenugreek, Lentil, and Daikon Radish

1
Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Ljubljana, Večna pot 113, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2
Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(5), 547; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050547
Received: 26 March 2020 / Revised: 10 April 2020 / Accepted: 17 April 2020 / Published: 1 May 2020
Sprouts and microgreens are a rich source of various bioactive compounds. Seeds of lentil, fenugreek, alfalfa, and daikon radish seeds were germinated and the contents of the polyamines agmatine (AGM), putrescine (PUT), cadaverine (CAD), spermidine (SPD), and spermine (SPM) in ungerminated seeds, sprouts, and microgreens were determined. In general, sprouting led to the accumulation of the total polyamine content. The highest levels of AGM (5392 mg/kg) were found in alfalfa microgreens, PUT (1079 mg/kg) and CAD (3563 mg/kg) in fenugreek sprouts, SPD (579 mg/kg) in lentil microgreens, and SPM (922 mg/kg) in fenugreek microgreens. A large increase in CAD content was observed in all three legume sprouts. Conversely, the nutritionally beneficial polyamines AGM, SPD, and SPM were accumulated in microgreens, while their contents of CAD were significantly lower. In contrast, daikon radish sprouts exhibited a nutritionally better profile of polyamines than the microgreens. Freezing and thawing of legume sprouts resulted in significant degradation of CAD, PUT, and AGM by endogenous diamine oxidases. The enzymatic potential of fenugreek sprouts can be used to degrade exogenous PUT, CAD, and tyramine at pH values above 5. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyamines; biogenic amines; germination; medicago sativa; trigonella foenum-graecum; lens culinaris; raphanus sativus; diamine oxidase polyamines; biogenic amines; germination; medicago sativa; trigonella foenum-graecum; lens culinaris; raphanus sativus; diamine oxidase
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Kralj Cigić, I.; Rupnik, S.; Rijavec, T.; Poklar Ulrih, N.; Cigić, B. Accumulation of Agmatine, Spermidine, and Spermine in Sprouts and Microgreens of Alfalfa, Fenugreek, Lentil, and Daikon Radish. Foods 2020, 9, 547. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050547

AMA Style

Kralj Cigić I, Rupnik S, Rijavec T, Poklar Ulrih N, Cigić B. Accumulation of Agmatine, Spermidine, and Spermine in Sprouts and Microgreens of Alfalfa, Fenugreek, Lentil, and Daikon Radish. Foods. 2020; 9(5):547. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050547

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kralj Cigić, Irena; Rupnik, Sašo; Rijavec, Tjaša; Poklar Ulrih, Nataša; Cigić, Blaž. 2020. "Accumulation of Agmatine, Spermidine, and Spermine in Sprouts and Microgreens of Alfalfa, Fenugreek, Lentil, and Daikon Radish" Foods 9, no. 5: 547. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050547

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop